2018 Abstracts


Use the search bar to look up a presentation by the presenter's name, major or keywords in presentation titles and abstracts. This information is updated regularly.

 
 
Name Presentation Title Abstract
Mary Gilbert Meteorology (BS) Earth Science The Impact of Extreme Weather Events Due to Climate Change on Lancaster County Agricultural Production in the Period 1980-2016 Disruptions to agricultural production due to climate change have increased in the past forty years and according to several Global Climate Models (GCMs)-including, but not limited to, ECHAM5 and MIROC3.2-disruptions are projected to increase further through 2050. The projected and potential occurrences of extreme weather events due to climate change will impact agricultural productivity globally. Interestingly, climate change may be both favorable and unfavorable to agriculture. For example, warmer temperatures lengthen the growing season and may positively impact crop yields; while an increased number of dry days may negatively impact crop yields. Furthermore, warmer temperatures and extreme precipitation events - such as extended drought or prolonged heavy rain - will impact the quality of the soil in which crops are grown, as well as the overall crop yield.
This research explores the potential impact of extreme temperatures, drought, and oversaturation of soil has on the overall crop yields and economic viability of two Lancaster County agricultural staples. This study focuses on corn and tobacco; two crops that are vital to Pennsylvania agriculture, and also require specific growing conditions in order to thrive. Utilizing data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture, and the National Centers for Environmental Information, this research intends to pinpoint a link between the heightened incidence of extreme weather events due to climate change and any changes - positive or negative - on the agricultural production in Lancaster County from 1980 to 2016.
Mary Gilbert The Impact of Extreme Weather Events Due to Climate Change on Lancaster County Agricultural Production in the Period 1980-2016  Disruptions to agricultural production due to climate change have increased in the past forty years and according to several Global Climate Models (GCMs)-including, but not limited to, ECHAM5 and MIROC3.2-disruptions are projected to increase further through 2050. The projected and potential occurrences of extreme weather events due to climate change will impact agricultural productivity globally. Interestingly, climate change may be both favorable and unfavorable to agriculture. For example, warmer temperatures lengthen the growing season and may positively impact crop yields; while an increased number of dry days may negatively impact crop yields. Furthermore, warmer temperatures and extreme precipitation events - such as extended drought or prolonged heavy rain - will impact the quality of the soil in which crops are grown, as well as the overall crop yield.
This research explores the potential impact of extreme temperatures, drought, and oversaturation of soil has on the overall crop yields and economic viability of two Lancaster County agricultural staples. This study focuses on corn and tobacco; two crops that are vital to Pennsylvania agriculture, and also require specific growing conditions in order to thrive. Utilizing data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture, and the National Centers for Environmental Information, this research intends to pinpoint a link between the heightened incidence of extreme weather events due to climate change and any changes - positive or negative - on the agricultural production in Lancaster County from 1980 to 2016.
Simeon Kulp Psychology (BA) Sociology/Anthropology The Pennsylvania German Art of Faith Healing The traditional healing technique known as Powwowing or Brauche has been an important piece of Pennsylvania German culture since the first Germans landed in Pennsylvania. The practice incorporates Christian spirituality, traditional magic, faith healing, and sometimes homeopathic healing techniques. The purpose of this project was to provide an overview of important colonial powwowers who left a lasting impact on the culture, while also providing an ethnography of a present day traditional powwower. The project will analyze the techniques of a traditional powwower in light of a renaissance in new age arts that appropriate elements of traditional Powwowing. This project is part of the larger Providence Project which examines cultures and traditions of early America. Simeon Kulp The Pennsylvania German Art of Faith Healing  The traditional healing technique known as Powwowing or Brauche has been an important piece of Pennsylvania German culture since the first Germans landed in Pennsylvania. The practice incorporates Christian spirituality, traditional magic, faith healing, and sometimes homeopathic healing techniques. The purpose of this project was to provide an overview of important colonial powwowers who left a lasting impact on the culture, while also providing an ethnography of a present day traditional powwower. The project will analyze the techniques of a traditional powwower in light of a renaissance in new age arts that appropriate elements of traditional Powwowing. This project is part of the larger Providence Project which examines cultures and traditions of early America.
Benjamin Williamson Art (BFA) Art & Design Deformation - Technology Meets Printmaking My work is a personal investigation into the of merger of digital technology and traditional printmaking, namely using a laser cutter to incorporate digital components to a conventionally hand-made process. From this exploration I compare and contrast the historical processes of printmaking, which are slow-paced and manually laborious, with that of the immediate satisfaction of social media. I intend to use this body of work as a discussion on the psychological disconnect of how we absorb information and the impact it has on our identity and personal priorities in the digital age. Benjamin Williamson Deformation - Technology Meets Printmaking  My work is a personal investigation into the of merger of digital technology and traditional printmaking, namely using a laser cutter to incorporate digital components to a conventionally hand-made process. From this exploration I compare and contrast the historical processes of printmaking, which are slow-paced and manually laborious, with that of the immediate satisfaction of social media. I intend to use this body of work as a discussion on the psychological disconnect of how we absorb information and the impact it has on our identity and personal priorities in the digital age.
Joyce Anderson Faculty English MUsings: The Graduate Journal The publication of MUsings : The Graduate Journal showcases the academic work of graduate students at Millersville University. The journal invites students to present highlights of their work in a venue that bolsters career-building experiences and celebrates their scholarly efforts. Graduate students from the English department serve on the Editorial Staff. Each issue may feature research articles, short stories, and literary essays. With this publication, MUsings seeks to encourage student creativity, commend innovative research, and generate student engagement in the academic and professional communities. Joyce Anderson  MUsings: The Graduate Journal The publication of MUsings : The Graduate Journal showcases the academic work of graduate students at Millersville University. The journal invites students to present highlights of their work in a venue that bolsters career-building experiences and celebrates their scholarly efforts. Graduate students from the English department serve on the Editorial Staff. Each issue may feature research articles, short stories, and literary essays. With this publication, MUsings seeks to encourage student creativity, commend innovative research, and generate student engagement in the academic and professional communities.
Casey Craven Early Childhood Education (BSE) Early, Middle and Exceptional Education iSTEM Curriculum - The Playground Project During the Integrative STEM education minor classes, I created a curriculum lesson for third grade students. In the lesson curriculum, the students would be asked to create an appropriate playground for their school. The problem for them is that their school's playground is 'damaged' and they need to help create a new one that they school contractors can build. The students would be asked to incorporate at least three different simple machines within their playground design. Once the students have sketched their potential and final designs, they are asked to create a small replica to represent what they would want their new playground to look like.
Within the curriculum that I created, I have made worksheets and packets that help the students during the design process.
Casey Craven iSTEM Curriculum - The Playground Project  During the Integrative STEM education minor classes, I created a curriculum lesson for third grade students. In the lesson curriculum, the students would be asked to create an appropriate playground for their school. The problem for them is that their school's playground is 'damaged' and they need to help create a new one that they school contractors can build. The students would be asked to incorporate at least three different simple machines within their playground design. Once the students have sketched their potential and final designs, they are asked to create a small replica to represent what they would want their new playground to look like.
Within the curriculum that I created, I have made worksheets and packets that help the students during the design process.
Marie Stoltzfus Biology (BS) Biology Identification of Tissue-Specific Isoforms of the Large Elastic Protein Kettin in Squid Muscles Exhibiting Diverse Contractile Properties In the longfin inshore squid, Doryteuthis pealeii, different muscle types have evolved to maintain maximum force over distinct ranges of length. Variations in length-force relationship (LFR) are correlated with distinctions in muscle ultrastructure. Muscles in the squid's funnel retractor, head retractor, nuchal retractor, arm, arm keel, and mantle have been found to exhibit different LFRs , but the molecular mechanisms responsible for these differences are not understood. In some species, diverse forms (isoforms) of myosin play a role in regulating muscle contraction, but myosin isoforms do not appear to be involved in controlling LFRs in squid. Kettin is a large muscle protein found in some invertebrates that is known to regulate the structure of sarcomeres, which are the basic units for muscle contraction. Our research has identified kettin-like RNA sequences in both the head and funnel retractors of squid. It is possible that differential expression of kettin isoforms may contribute to the differences in the LFRs observed for these muscles. To test this hypothesis, I compared RNA sequences expressed in the six muscle types listed above using RNA-Seq. A correlation between the abundance of a particular kettin isoform, or sequences for another protein, and specific LFR properties would suggest a role for that muscle protein in the regulation of contraction. This research will contribute to our understanding of the mechanisms of invertebrate muscle regulation and evolution. Marie Stoltzfus Identification of Tissue-Specific Isoforms of the Large Elastic Protein Kettin in Squid Muscles Exhibiting Diverse Contractile Properties  In the longfin inshore squid, Doryteuthis pealeii, different muscle types have evolved to maintain maximum force over distinct ranges of length. Variations in length-force relationship (LFR) are correlated with distinctions in muscle ultrastructure. Muscles in the squid's funnel retractor, head retractor, nuchal retractor, arm, arm keel, and mantle have been found to exhibit different LFRs , but the molecular mechanisms responsible for these differences are not understood. In some species, diverse forms (isoforms) of myosin play a role in regulating muscle contraction, but myosin isoforms do not appear to be involved in controlling LFRs in squid. Kettin is a large muscle protein found in some invertebrates that is known to regulate the structure of sarcomeres, which are the basic units for muscle contraction. Our research has identified kettin-like RNA sequences in both the head and funnel retractors of squid. It is possible that differential expression of kettin isoforms may contribute to the differences in the LFRs observed for these muscles. To test this hypothesis, I compared RNA sequences expressed in the six muscle types listed above using RNA-Seq. A correlation between the abundance of a particular kettin isoform, or sequences for another protein, and specific LFR properties would suggest a role for that muscle protein in the regulation of contraction. This research will contribute to our understanding of the mechanisms of invertebrate muscle regulation and evolution.
Abigail Barnhart Applied Engineering & Technology Management (BS) Applied Engineering, Safety and Technology Duck Feeders at MU Pond My poster will be describing the harmful effects that bread has on ducks. I will be talking about why it is considered "green" to install duck feeders at the pond at Millersville University. I am looking into getting this project funded, and I would like to make it happen some time before I graduate. Abigail Barnhart Duck Feeders at MU Pond  My poster will be describing the harmful effects that bread has on ducks. I will be talking about why it is considered "green" to install duck feeders at the pond at Millersville University. I am looking into getting this project funded, and I would like to make it happen some time before I graduate.
Lyric Carter-Bey Speech Communication (BS) Communication & Theatre How does social media maintain "White innocence" and enforce "Black deviance"? The purpose of this research is to determine the social climate involving the influence of social media, such as Facebook and Twitter, on students perception of "white innocence" and "black deviance" (Eastman, 2015). Using a campus wide survey, we will compile data by asking students a series of questions about their social media usage and collect reactions to a representative sampling from Facebook and Twitter that will help determine how social media maintains "white innocence" and "black deviance." Lyric Carter-Bey How does social media maintain "White innocence" and enforce "Black deviance"?  The purpose of this research is to determine the social climate involving the influence of social media, such as Facebook and Twitter, on students perception of "white innocence" and "black deviance" (Eastman, 2015). Using a campus wide survey, we will compile data by asking students a series of questions about their social media usage and collect reactions to a representative sampling from Facebook and Twitter that will help determine how social media maintains "white innocence" and "black deviance."
Analeesa Marvel Applied Engineering & Technology Management (BS) Applied Engineering, Safety and Technology Title: Determining the optimal mixing ratio of epoxy screen printing ink. The problem of this study was to determine the optimal mixing ratio of epoxy ink and appropriate ink catalyst. Specifically, the study tested NAZ-DAR Epoxy ink. The problem of this study was to provide detailed information concerning the ratio relationship between epoxy and its catalysis in order to set a standard for the optimal curing. These inks they are usually used for industrial applications such as printed circuit boards, electronic equipment panels, automotive, aeronautical, and nautical components. Analeesa Marvel Title: Determining the optimal mixing ratio of epoxy screen printing ink.  The problem of this study was to determine the optimal mixing ratio of epoxy ink and appropriate ink catalyst. Specifically, the study tested NAZ-DAR Epoxy ink. The problem of this study was to provide detailed information concerning the ratio relationship between epoxy and its catalysis in order to set a standard for the optimal curing. These inks they are usually used for industrial applications such as printed circuit boards, electronic equipment panels, automotive, aeronautical, and nautical components.
Connor Moyer Applied Engineering & Technology Management (BS) Applied Engineering, Safety and Technology An Experimental Comparison of Selected Textile Water Based Screen Printing Inks The study experimentally compared the color fastness of a screen printed test image using industry grade water based textile inks. Specifically, the study compared Nazdar and Speedball brand textile water based screen printing inks. Using a controlled test target, all samples used in the study were printed on white 100% cotton t-shirts. The study measured the color density of the test image through ten laundering cycles. A spectrophotometer was used to measure all samples. Connor Moyer An Experimental Comparison of Selected Textile Water Based Screen Printing Inks  The study experimentally compared the color fastness of a screen printed test image using industry grade water based textile inks. Specifically, the study compared Nazdar and Speedball brand textile water based screen printing inks. Using a controlled test target, all samples used in the study were printed on white 100% cotton t-shirts. The study measured the color density of the test image through ten laundering cycles. A spectrophotometer was used to measure all samples.
Nicole McNerney Applied Engineering & Technology Management (BS) Applied Engineering, Safety and Technology An experimental comparison between color models printed on heat transfer paper. The problem of this study was to experimentally compare the results of three different color models during the heat transfer process. Specifically, the study tested the Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, and Black color model (CMYK), the Red, Green, and Blue color model (RGB), and the three-dimensional color model (CIE LAB). All samples used in the study were conducted using a Sawgrass 400™ printer with Chromablast™ heat transfer paper and Chromablast™ HD ink. All samples were produced and measured on white, 100% cotton t-shirts. The color of each color model was measured using an X-rite spectrophotometer. Nicole McNerney An experimental comparison between color models printed on heat transfer paper.  The problem of this study was to experimentally compare the results of three different color models during the heat transfer process. Specifically, the study tested the Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, and Black color model (CMYK), the Red, Green, and Blue color model (RGB), and the three-dimensional color model (CIE LAB). All samples used in the study were conducted using a Sawgrass 400™ printer with Chromablast™ heat transfer paper and Chromablast™ HD ink. All samples were produced and measured on white, 100% cotton t-shirts. The color of each color model was measured using an X-rite spectrophotometer.
Brittany Myers Applied Engineering & Technology Management (BS) Applied Engineering, Safety and Technology Determining the Optimal Ratio of an Extender Base Additive to White Textile Screen Printing Ink The problem of this study was to develop the optimal ratio of PolyOne Wilflex EPIC Soft Hand extender base to Pocono All Purpose Low Cure Bright White textile screen printing ink. The study tested and evaluated various ratios of an extender base additive to white textile screen printing ink in order to produce consistent screen printing results. The mixtures were subjected to various curing times. All ratio samples were printed on black 100% cotton t-shirts using an identical, controlled screen printing method, curing temperature, wash and dry cycle, and pull test. Brittany Myers Determining the Optimal Ratio of an Extender Base Additive to White Textile Screen Printing Ink  The problem of this study was to develop the optimal ratio of PolyOne Wilflex EPIC Soft Hand extender base to Pocono All Purpose Low Cure Bright White textile screen printing ink. The study tested and evaluated various ratios of an extender base additive to white textile screen printing ink in order to produce consistent screen printing results. The mixtures were subjected to various curing times. All ratio samples were printed on black 100% cotton t-shirts using an identical, controlled screen printing method, curing temperature, wash and dry cycle, and pull test.
Marthelis Abreu Applied Engineering & Technology (AT) Applied Engineering, Safety and Technology Determining the Optimal Temperature for Foil Stamping on Selected Book Binding Material The problem of this experiment was to create and standardize a procedure for foil stamping by determining the optimal heat and pressure needed for stamping foil onto book binding cloth material. Metallic foils are used to stamp embellishment onto book binding cloth materials made of different types of fabrics. Dictated by the amount of heat and pressure applied to the fillet when stamping, the stamp may or may not adhere properly to the book binding cloth. This study was conducted to determine the optimal temperature and pressure for metallic foil stamping. In order to determine the optimal temperature, the fillet was heated to the recommended temperature by the foil stamp manufacturer and other varying temperatures. Once the optimal temperature was determined, the optimal pressure was then determined. The optimal pressure was determined by heating the fillet to the optimal temperature and applying varying amounts of pressure. The pressure was measured using a scale in pounds. Marthelis Abreu Determining the Optimal Temperature for Foil Stamping on Selected Book Binding Material  The problem of this experiment was to create and standardize a procedure for foil stamping by determining the optimal heat and pressure needed for stamping foil onto book binding cloth material. Metallic foils are used to stamp embellishment onto book binding cloth materials made of different types of fabrics. Dictated by the amount of heat and pressure applied to the fillet when stamping, the stamp may or may not adhere properly to the book binding cloth. This study was conducted to determine the optimal temperature and pressure for metallic foil stamping. In order to determine the optimal temperature, the fillet was heated to the recommended temperature by the foil stamp manufacturer and other varying temperatures. Once the optimal temperature was determined, the optimal pressure was then determined. The optimal pressure was determined by heating the fillet to the optimal temperature and applying varying amounts of pressure. The pressure was measured using a scale in pounds.
Madison Trilling Applied Engineering & Technology Management (BS) Applied Engineering, Safety and Technology An Experimental Comparison of Selected Inkjet Photo Quality Paper Inkjet printing is a type of computer printing used to recreate digital images by propelling droplets of ink onto the substrate. This printing process is the most commonly used in printers as they are small and inexpensive compared to professional printers. For the purpose of this research, selected inkjet photo quality paper were experimentally compared to determine which photo paper produces a higher color saturation. Research was conducted by printing predetermined test images and text onto an industry standard inkjet photo quality paper, and onto a generic inkjet photo quality paper. All samples were produced using the same inkjet printer and ink. All sample prints were measured with an X-rite spectrophotometer. Madison Trilling An Experimental Comparison of Selected Inkjet Photo Quality Paper  Inkjet printing is a type of computer printing used to recreate digital images by propelling droplets of ink onto the substrate. This printing process is the most commonly used in printers as they are small and inexpensive compared to professional printers. For the purpose of this research, selected inkjet photo quality paper were experimentally compared to determine which photo paper produces a higher color saturation. Research was conducted by printing predetermined test images and text onto an industry standard inkjet photo quality paper, and onto a generic inkjet photo quality paper. All samples were produced using the same inkjet printer and ink. All sample prints were measured with an X-rite spectrophotometer.
David Deighan Applied Engineering & Technology Management (BS) Applied Engineering, Safety and Technology Determining the Differences in Dot Gain Between Selected Offset Plates Offset lithography is a widely-used method of commercial printing that operates on the principle that oil and water do not mix. Image areas of an offset plate are hydrophobic, and thus are able to carry oil-based ink, while non-image areas are hydrophilic and carry water-based press solution that keeps all ink in the image area during printing. Two different types of plates in offset lithography printing are plates that have image areas create via laser ablation, and plates that have image areas created via chemical ablation. The problem of this experiment was to determine the differences in dot gain between print output of two different plates given the same image, same ink and press solution, same press, and same general printing conditions. The study was conducted in order to empirically determine if one plate produced a superior print output compared to the other. David Deighan Determining the Differences in Dot Gain Between Selected Offset Plates  Offset lithography is a widely-used method of commercial printing that operates on the principle that oil and water do not mix. Image areas of an offset plate are hydrophobic, and thus are able to carry oil-based ink, while non-image areas are hydrophilic and carry water-based press solution that keeps all ink in the image area during printing. Two different types of plates in offset lithography printing are plates that have image areas create via laser ablation, and plates that have image areas created via chemical ablation. The problem of this experiment was to determine the differences in dot gain between print output of two different plates given the same image, same ink and press solution, same press, and same general printing conditions. The study was conducted in order to empirically determine if one plate produced a superior print output compared to the other.
Haakon Hirt Interactive & Graphic Design (BDES) Art & Design Graphics for the Film Industry For this project, I'll be designing the graphic elements of three-dimensional movie props that would be used in the creation of a hypothetical film, going from a rough concept to final product with every detail being considered. Using Illustrator, Photoshop, and knowledge of packaging design, I will make these come to life in a display that will look screen-ready and polished. Haakon Hirt Graphics for the Film Industry  For this project, I'll be designing the graphic elements of three-dimensional movie props that would be used in the creation of a hypothetical film, going from a rough concept to final product with every detail being considered. Using Illustrator, Photoshop, and knowledge of packaging design, I will make these come to life in a display that will look screen-ready and polished.
Michael Duncan Music (BA) Music Crescent City Jazz Festival My plan is to present aurally with a powerpoint presentation about the things that the Jazz Ensemble saw and experienced in New Orleans at the Crescent City Jazz Festival. Following my presentation or during it will be a performance from our small jazz combo that played for critics in New Orleans. Michael Duncan Crescent City Jazz Festival  My plan is to present aurally with a powerpoint presentation about the things that the Jazz Ensemble saw and experienced in New Orleans at the Crescent City Jazz Festival. Following my presentation or during it will be a performance from our small jazz combo that played for critics in New Orleans.
Madison Stoutland Speech Communication (BS) Communication & Theatre Defying the stigmas - Alpha Sigma Tau We will be presenting a poster with photos focusing on Alpha Sigma Tau defying the stigmas applied to us. Through photography we will capture what society see's of us, versus what we truly are. Madison Stoutland Defying the stigmas - Alpha Sigma Tau  We will be presenting a poster with photos focusing on Alpha Sigma Tau defying the stigmas applied to us. Through photography we will capture what society see's of us, versus what we truly are.
Robert Capella Meteorology (BS) Earth Science Investigating Appalachian-Induced Fine-Scale Frontal Features during SEAR-MAR Cold fronts, and their associated westerly-northwesterly flow, in the central and south-eastern Pennsylvania region, are affected by the convoluted topography and clockwise curvature of the Appalachian Mountains. The purpose of this research is to investigate terrain-influenced fine-scale frontal features likely to propagate through the region during the Student Experience in Airborne Research in the Mid-Atlantic Region (SEAR-MAR) NSF educational deployment. These features, chosen based on climatological relevance to the target period of October through November, were simulated using the WRF (Weather Research and Forecasting) model. We qualitatively analyzed model output for terrain effects on temperature gradients, vertical motion, persistent and propagating waves, and wind direction and speed. The analysis revealed possible investigation targets to be explored by the Wyoming King Air Research Aircraft, radiosondes, and surface-based observations. Based on the target areas, we developed experiments for climatologically probable synoptic events. Data collected during SEAR-MAR will be used to interrogate aforementioned features and model comparisons. Robert Capella Investigating Appalachian-Induced Fine-Scale Frontal Features during SEAR-MAR  Cold fronts, and their associated westerly-northwesterly flow, in the central and south-eastern Pennsylvania region, are affected by the convoluted topography and clockwise curvature of the Appalachian Mountains. The purpose of this research is to investigate terrain-influenced fine-scale frontal features likely to propagate through the region during the Student Experience in Airborne Research in the Mid-Atlantic Region (SEAR-MAR) NSF educational deployment. These features, chosen based on climatological relevance to the target period of October through November, were simulated using the WRF (Weather Research and Forecasting) model. We qualitatively analyzed model output for terrain effects on temperature gradients, vertical motion, persistent and propagating waves, and wind direction and speed. The analysis revealed possible investigation targets to be explored by the Wyoming King Air Research Aircraft, radiosondes, and surface-based observations. Based on the target areas, we developed experiments for climatologically probable synoptic events. Data collected during SEAR-MAR will be used to interrogate aforementioned features and model comparisons.
Lauren Cameron Graduate Student History The Final Phase: Millersville Strike Oral History Project and Its Aftermath The PA State System of Higher Education Faculty Strike began on October 19, 2016, ranging across a total of three days: October 19, 20 & 21. Participants included both APSCUF and PASSHE members. Led by Special Collections, The Millersville Strike Oral History Project commemorates the state system's first actualized walk-out, foregrounding the importance the event served in Millersville University's history. Comprised of 7 students and 5 faculty members, volunteers recorded, and transcribed, 37 interviews between the fall and spring semester of 2016-2017. Interviews consisted of students, faculty and administration alike. This presentation reflects upon the findings of the project, examining the development of the interviewing team and strike project, as well as the aftermath such efforts created. It draws contrasts between other faculty strikes and the responses gleaned from past participants. It reveals emerging themes and paralleling experiences from the three distinct interviewee groups: students, faculty, and administration. More importantly, it reveals the importance of oral history. Lauren Cameron The Final Phase: Millersville Strike Oral History Project and Its Aftermath  The PA State System of Higher Education Faculty Strike began on October 19, 2016, ranging across a total of three days: October 19, 20 & 21. Participants included both APSCUF and PASSHE members. Led by Special Collections, The Millersville Strike Oral History Project commemorates the state system's first actualized walk-out, foregrounding the importance the event served in Millersville University's history. Comprised of 7 students and 5 faculty members, volunteers recorded, and transcribed, 37 interviews between the fall and spring semester of 2016-2017. Interviews consisted of students, faculty and administration alike. This presentation reflects upon the findings of the project, examining the development of the interviewing team and strike project, as well as the aftermath such efforts created. It draws contrasts between other faculty strikes and the responses gleaned from past participants. It reveals emerging themes and paralleling experiences from the three distinct interviewee groups: students, faculty, and administration. More importantly, it reveals the importance of oral history.
Kerrie Farkas Faculty English The Power of the Portfolio: Standing Apart in Future Endeavors According to Jacquelyn Smith of Forbes, 56% of employers desire a portfolio but only 7% of applicants have one. For this reason, having a professional portfolio allows applicants to stand out from other candidates across all fields. In this presentation, students will discuss the benefits of creating a professional portfolio,the process of creating a professional portfolio, and the different platforms available for portfolios. Students will also show specific writing samples they included in their professional portfolios and digitally display model portfolios with the audience. This session can benefit any student interested in learning how to showcase their experience, accomplishments, qualifications, and skills whether they plan to apply for internships, jobs, or graduate school or just want to pull together and organize their work. Kerrie Farkas  The Power of the Portfolio: Standing Apart in Future Endeavors According to Jacquelyn Smith of Forbes, 56% of employers desire a portfolio but only 7% of applicants have one. For this reason, having a professional portfolio allows applicants to stand out from other candidates across all fields. In this presentation, students will discuss the benefits of creating a professional portfolio,the process of creating a professional portfolio, and the different platforms available for portfolios. Students will also show specific writing samples they included in their professional portfolios and digitally display model portfolios with the audience. This session can benefit any student interested in learning how to showcase their experience, accomplishments, qualifications, and skills whether they plan to apply for internships, jobs, or graduate school or just want to pull together and organize their work.
Miguel Cruz-Cuevas Art (BFA) Art & Design Atolls in the Artic A presentation and model of a structural design that could help the artic lower surface water temperatures and reflect light back into space. Miguel Cruz-Cuevas Atolls in the Artic  A presentation and model of a structural design that could help the artic lower surface water temperatures and reflect light back into space.
Keegan Nash Art (BFA) Art & Design Indiscriminate This piece represents modern day protesting from a cubist perspective. The perspective of a cubist aims to show different viewpoints at the same time and within the same space and so suggest their three dimensional form. In doing so they also emphasized the two-dimensional flatness of the canvas instead of creating the illusion of depth
The painting breaks down the different points of view that surround protested issues and widens the usually narrow scope on those issues.
Rather than focus on a single perspective, it is important for all of us to learn about all sides to prevent ourselves from creating a myopic view. By breaking protesting down into three perspectives and fragmenting them throughout the piece it creates confusion for the viewer. This, in turn, then forces their eye to explore the piece and search for a meaning within it.
The massive scale of the piece is meant to intimidate the audience, much like the sides of protested topics can be intimidating to look deeply into.
By overcoming the large scale and sorting through the confusion created empowers the audience to look for answers on their own rather than accepting one given to them.
Keegan Nash Indiscriminate  This piece represents modern day protesting from a cubist perspective. The perspective of a cubist aims to show different viewpoints at the same time and within the same space and so suggest their three dimensional form. In doing so they also emphasized the two-dimensional flatness of the canvas instead of creating the illusion of depth
The painting breaks down the different points of view that surround protested issues and widens the usually narrow scope on those issues.
Rather than focus on a single perspective, it is important for all of us to learn about all sides to prevent ourselves from creating a myopic view. By breaking protesting down into three perspectives and fragmenting them throughout the piece it creates confusion for the viewer. This, in turn, then forces their eye to explore the piece and search for a meaning within it.
The massive scale of the piece is meant to intimidate the audience, much like the sides of protested topics can be intimidating to look deeply into.
By overcoming the large scale and sorting through the confusion created empowers the audience to look for answers on their own rather than accepting one given to them.
Katelyn Newcamp Biology (BS) Biology Analysis of Internal Parasites Between Native and Captive White-tailed Deer in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania Disease transmission between farmed and wild white-tailed deer was studied using endoparasites as a model. Because wild deer visit captive deer frequently during the breeding season in late October and November, samples were collected during the fall of 2017. The fresh fecal samples were collected from inside and outside of deer pens around Lancaster County and stored in 10% formalin. Parasite analysis was conducted in the winter of 2018, using the fecal float method and light microscopy. The hypothesis was that there would be a positive correlation between the types of parasites found in the farmed and wild deer populations in each area, because of similar environmental factors and transmission through potential direct and indirect interactions. The results of this research will directly aid farmers and veterinarians in improving herd health and in mitigating disease. Katelyn Newcamp Analysis of Internal Parasites Between Native and Captive White-tailed Deer in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania  Disease transmission between farmed and wild white-tailed deer was studied using endoparasites as a model. Because wild deer visit captive deer frequently during the breeding season in late October and November, samples were collected during the fall of 2017. The fresh fecal samples were collected from inside and outside of deer pens around Lancaster County and stored in 10% formalin. Parasite analysis was conducted in the winter of 2018, using the fecal float method and light microscopy. The hypothesis was that there would be a positive correlation between the types of parasites found in the farmed and wild deer populations in each area, because of similar environmental factors and transmission through potential direct and indirect interactions. The results of this research will directly aid farmers and veterinarians in improving herd health and in mitigating disease.
Shane Marino Graduate Student History Imperial Camelot: John F. Kennedy and the Advisory Effort for Regime Change in the Republic of Vietnam, 1962-1963 This project will examine United States influence of the 1963 overthrow and assassinations of Ngo Dinh Diem and Ngo Dinh Nhu. The most intense analysis will focus on the advice provided to Kennedy from April-November 1963 and interpret how the the president's advisers shaped American influence of regime change in South Vietnam. Finally, it will offer tentative conclusions regarding how Kennedy's transformation of Vietnam intervention set the course for subsequent American actions in South Vietnam, thereby fixing the Kennedy era within the protracted history of U.S.-Vietnam relations.

The oral presentation will present a condensed overview of my master's thesis, for which this research is being conducted with funding from a SGRCA award.
Shane Marino Imperial Camelot: John F. Kennedy and the Advisory Effort for Regime Change in the Republic of Vietnam, 1962-1963  This project will examine United States influence of the 1963 overthrow and assassinations of Ngo Dinh Diem and Ngo Dinh Nhu. The most intense analysis will focus on the advice provided to Kennedy from April-November 1963 and interpret how the the president's advisers shaped American influence of regime change in South Vietnam. Finally, it will offer tentative conclusions regarding how Kennedy's transformation of Vietnam intervention set the course for subsequent American actions in South Vietnam, thereby fixing the Kennedy era within the protracted history of U.S.-Vietnam relations.

The oral presentation will present a condensed overview of my master's thesis, for which this research is being conducted with funding from a SGRCA award.
Patrick McCarty Technology & Engineering Education (BSE) Applied Engineering, Safety and Technology Teaching Technology Engineering to Special Populations Within the class ITEC291 we as a class organized two different learning enviroments for populations that normally dont recieve technology engineering education, these populations include high school special needs students and elementary students in 5th grade. Within these learning enviroments we saw how learning can effect and help these students grow just in a short ammount of time. The main idea of organizing these learning enviroment helps educator relize the importance of technology enginnering education and its effects on students that dont recieve this ciriculumn normally. Patrick McCarty Teaching Technology Engineering to Special Populations  Within the class ITEC291 we as a class organized two different learning enviroments for populations that normally dont recieve technology engineering education, these populations include high school special needs students and elementary students in 5th grade. Within these learning enviroments we saw how learning can effect and help these students grow just in a short ammount of time. The main idea of organizing these learning enviroment helps educator relize the importance of technology enginnering education and its effects on students that dont recieve this ciriculumn normally.
Catherine Dillon English (BSE) English & Joy. The session will be a poetry reading/spoken word performance centered around the idea that among the tragedies of life there is joy present. The poet will share various poems discussing mental health and familial relationships within the context of joy. Catherine Dillon & Joy.  The session will be a poetry reading/spoken word performance centered around the idea that among the tragedies of life there is joy present. The poet will share various poems discussing mental health and familial relationships within the context of joy.
Renée Vance Art (BA) Art & Design Student Characters of Millersville This project will put focus on one of the most important aspects of Millersville University - it's students. By first photographing students around campus, I will collect reference material to work with. Then, through digital illustration, I will create artistic renderings of the students I photographed. This will be displayed in a poster format to showcase the essence of Millersville and capture the looks and styles of it's students in the year 2018. Renée Vance Student Characters of Millersville  This project will put focus on one of the most important aspects of Millersville University - it's students. By first photographing students around campus, I will collect reference material to work with. Then, through digital illustration, I will create artistic renderings of the students I photographed. This will be displayed in a poster format to showcase the essence of Millersville and capture the looks and styles of it's students in the year 2018.
Rachel Davies Biology (BS) Biology Millersville Hawkwatch 2017 Hawkwatch sites occur throughout North America and involve national survey efforts to document and quantify Raptor Population Indices (RPI) for North American Birds of Prey (e.g., hawks, falcons, eagles, vultures; aka raptors) during their migration. Hawkwatch sites have been around for decades and have provided valuable ecological data. For example, the hawkwatch site at Hawk Mountain Sanctuary (PA) documented the effects of pesticides on eastern North American raptor populations, showing that RPI data can serve as a bioindicator of environmental health throughout a geographic range. The goal of this project was to determine the feasibility of implementing a university student-run hawkwatch site. During the Fall 2017 migration season, in collaboration with Hawk Mountain Sanctuary, Millersville University student volunteers counted migrating raptors flying over campus. Students recorded RPI data using computer tablets and the Trektellan and Dunkadoo migration count programs. Students determined the average hourly hawk count numbers at Millersville in comparison to Hawk Mountain and the Cape May Bird Observatory (NJ) to determine how geography impacts RPI results. After the Fall 2017 migration season, a Mood's Median Test was used to compare RPI data between Millersville, Hawk Mountain and Cape May. Our findings showed that Cape May recorded higher RPI numbers which was attributed to the narrowing of the Cape May Peninsula along the Atlantic coast that served to concentrate raptors flying south along the Nearctic-Neotropical migration corridor. Further studies are planned to document how individual raptor species utilize the Atlantic Coast and Appalachian Mountain range during migration. Rachel Davies Millersville Hawkwatch 2017  Hawkwatch sites occur throughout North America and involve national survey efforts to document and quantify Raptor Population Indices (RPI) for North American Birds of Prey (e.g., hawks, falcons, eagles, vultures; aka raptors) during their migration. Hawkwatch sites have been around for decades and have provided valuable ecological data. For example, the hawkwatch site at Hawk Mountain Sanctuary (PA) documented the effects of pesticides on eastern North American raptor populations, showing that RPI data can serve as a bioindicator of environmental health throughout a geographic range. The goal of this project was to determine the feasibility of implementing a university student-run hawkwatch site. During the Fall 2017 migration season, in collaboration with Hawk Mountain Sanctuary, Millersville University student volunteers counted migrating raptors flying over campus. Students recorded RPI data using computer tablets and the Trektellan and Dunkadoo migration count programs. Students determined the average hourly hawk count numbers at Millersville in comparison to Hawk Mountain and the Cape May Bird Observatory (NJ) to determine how geography impacts RPI results. After the Fall 2017 migration season, a Mood's Median Test was used to compare RPI data between Millersville, Hawk Mountain and Cape May. Our findings showed that Cape May recorded higher RPI numbers which was attributed to the narrowing of the Cape May Peninsula along the Atlantic coast that served to concentrate raptors flying south along the Nearctic-Neotropical migration corridor. Further studies are planned to document how individual raptor species utilize the Atlantic Coast and Appalachian Mountain range during migration.
Samantha Raum Art (BA) Art & Design Children's Coloring Book Kit By using design elements and tools, I was able to create a nature themed coloring book kit. This kit includes the coloring book, colored pencils, a pencil case, stickers, and a plush version of one of the characters. All parts are original designs except for the pencils. Product and children's publication design both are paths I would like to pursue after graduation, so this project is a helpful piece to my portfolio. Samantha Raum Children's Coloring Book Kit  By using design elements and tools, I was able to create a nature themed coloring book kit. This kit includes the coloring book, colored pencils, a pencil case, stickers, and a plush version of one of the characters. All parts are original designs except for the pencils. Product and children's publication design both are paths I would like to pursue after graduation, so this project is a helpful piece to my portfolio.
Ave Palguta Art (BA) Art & Design Inside the Structure As a student who received a grant, I am required to participate in Made in Millersville. That being said, I will be exhibiting what I have made with that money. My piece is from my fine metals class and focuses on different bezel techniques as well as a complex design. This piece is a ribcage necklace that will have a detachable set of lungs inside. I will be pairing it with a poster of 'how to' sketches and more information on the piece. Ave Palguta Inside the Structure  As a student who received a grant, I am required to participate in Made in Millersville. That being said, I will be exhibiting what I have made with that money. My piece is from my fine metals class and focuses on different bezel techniques as well as a complex design. This piece is a ribcage necklace that will have a detachable set of lungs inside. I will be pairing it with a poster of 'how to' sketches and more information on the piece.
Megan Davis Biology (BS) Biology Potential for the Bioaccumulation of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals: An assessment of water sediment and aquatic insects Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs) are compounds that mimic or antagonize hormone actions and thus have the potential to cause adverse effects on the development, growth, and reproduction of aquatic and terrestrial wildlife. One group of EDCs, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), is of particular concern due to their widespread presence in the environment, low rate of degradation, and tendency to be stored in fatty tissues. We hypothesize that PCBs have the potential to bioaccumulate from the water and sediment of wetlands to aquatic insects to insectivorous birds. As a first step in testing this hypothesis, I measured PCB levels in water, benthic sediment, and aquatic macroinvertebrates at five different Pennsylvania wetlands to determine whether PCB loads in aquatic insects reflect those of their wetland habitats. My objectives included: 1) development of a tractable protocol for assessing PCB levels in water, sediment, and insects, 2) quantification of PCB levels in each sample type, and 3) a comparison of PCB levels among sample types and across sites. Wetland sites were selected based on their surrounding land use and potential for persistent pollutants. Samples (water, soil, and macroinvertebrates) were collected from each wetland and are currently being assayed for PCB levels using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Macroinvertebrates from six different taxonomic orders representing five different functional feeding groups were collected and are being assayed for PCB levels. These data will be analyzed to determine whether variation in water and sediment PCB levels across sites predicts variation in aquatic insect PCB loads, a finding that would establish the potential for this EDC to bioaccumulate in insects and, ultimately, higher organisms such as insectivorous birds. The findings of my study also provide a basis for identifying long-term research sites for impending investigations on how the bioaccumulation of PCBs may impact avian physiology, behavior, and fitness. Megan Davis Potential for the Bioaccumulation of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals: An assessment of water sediment and aquatic insects  Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs) are compounds that mimic or antagonize hormone actions and thus have the potential to cause adverse effects on the development, growth, and reproduction of aquatic and terrestrial wildlife. One group of EDCs, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), is of particular concern due to their widespread presence in the environment, low rate of degradation, and tendency to be stored in fatty tissues. We hypothesize that PCBs have the potential to bioaccumulate from the water and sediment of wetlands to aquatic insects to insectivorous birds. As a first step in testing this hypothesis, I measured PCB levels in water, benthic sediment, and aquatic macroinvertebrates at five different Pennsylvania wetlands to determine whether PCB loads in aquatic insects reflect those of their wetland habitats. My objectives included: 1) development of a tractable protocol for assessing PCB levels in water, sediment, and insects, 2) quantification of PCB levels in each sample type, and 3) a comparison of PCB levels among sample types and across sites. Wetland sites were selected based on their surrounding land use and potential for persistent pollutants. Samples (water, soil, and macroinvertebrates) were collected from each wetland and are currently being assayed for PCB levels using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Macroinvertebrates from six different taxonomic orders representing five different functional feeding groups were collected and are being assayed for PCB levels. These data will be analyzed to determine whether variation in water and sediment PCB levels across sites predicts variation in aquatic insect PCB loads, a finding that would establish the potential for this EDC to bioaccumulate in insects and, ultimately, higher organisms such as insectivorous birds. The findings of my study also provide a basis for identifying long-term research sites for impending investigations on how the bioaccumulation of PCBs may impact avian physiology, behavior, and fitness.
Mark Dellandre Meteorology (BS) Earth Science Cold Air Damming in the Appalachian Mountains The SEAR-MAR project that was run last November provided a wealth of data for Cold Air Damming. These one-of-a-kind data will be compared to WRF simulation data of the same event to determine how accurate the WRF is for Cold Air Damming. This research will similarly be applied to an early case study of Cold Air Damming that did not have SEAR-MAR data. Using upper air charts, the research will once again be compared to the WRF simulation. The final result will be comparing the two separate events, and demonstrating the unique data the SEAR-MAR acquired. Mark Dellandre Cold Air Damming in the Appalachian Mountains  The SEAR-MAR project that was run last November provided a wealth of data for Cold Air Damming. These one-of-a-kind data will be compared to WRF simulation data of the same event to determine how accurate the WRF is for Cold Air Damming. This research will similarly be applied to an early case study of Cold Air Damming that did not have SEAR-MAR data. Using upper air charts, the research will once again be compared to the WRF simulation. The final result will be comparing the two separate events, and demonstrating the unique data the SEAR-MAR acquired.
Simeon Kulp Psychology (BA) Psychology Family-of-Origin's Role in College Student Adjustment This study is an examination of family-of-origin correlates of college student coping. Two specific aspects of family life were evaluated in 104 undergraduate college students: (1) overall family-of-origin environment, and (2) closeness of early student-parent relationships. Additionally, each student participant completed a measure of coping skills. Pearson's correlation was used to analyze the relationship between family-of-origin data and coping strategies, as well as the relationship between closeness of early student-parent relationship and coping skills. Simeon Kulp Family-of-Origin's Role in College Student Adjustment  This study is an examination of family-of-origin correlates of college student coping. Two specific aspects of family life were evaluated in 104 undergraduate college students: (1) overall family-of-origin environment, and (2) closeness of early student-parent relationships. Additionally, each student participant completed a measure of coping skills. Pearson's correlation was used to analyze the relationship between family-of-origin data and coping strategies, as well as the relationship between closeness of early student-parent relationship and coping skills.
Liz Dulac Mathematics (BS) Mathematics Drug Assimilation into the Blood Using Dynamic Systems We investigate the metabolization of drugs in the body through two models of interactions with the bloodstream; the digestion of drugs in the gastrointestinal tract to the bloodstream considering both discrete, and continuous drug intake models, and the absorption of drugs from the bloodstream to the brain. In both models we simplify the body to two compartments; an organ (the gastrointestinal tract or the brain) and the bloodstream. Viewing this model with dynamic systems and partial differential equations, we are able to derive equations to represent the assimilation of pharmaceuticals into the bloodstream. Liz Dulac Drug Assimilation into the Blood Using Dynamic Systems  We investigate the metabolization of drugs in the body through two models of interactions with the bloodstream; the digestion of drugs in the gastrointestinal tract to the bloodstream considering both discrete, and continuous drug intake models, and the absorption of drugs from the bloodstream to the brain. In both models we simplify the body to two compartments; an organ (the gastrointestinal tract or the brain) and the bloodstream. Viewing this model with dynamic systems and partial differential equations, we are able to derive equations to represent the assimilation of pharmaceuticals into the bloodstream.
Jan van der Veken Meteorology (BS) Meteorology Correlations of Lightning Occurrence with Weather Parameters in Lancaster, Pennsylvania This study looks at correlations between lightning occurrence and observed weather parameters for Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. The lightning data are from the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN) and the North American Precision Lightning Network (NAPLN). Weather observations are from the Millersville University weather station, and are wind direction, wind speed, temperature, and dew point. The data sets cover the period from 2011 through 2016. Jan van der Veken Correlations of Lightning Occurrence with Weather Parameters in Lancaster, Pennsylvania  This study looks at correlations between lightning occurrence and observed weather parameters for Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. The lightning data are from the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN) and the North American Precision Lightning Network (NAPLN). Weather observations are from the Millersville University weather station, and are wind direction, wind speed, temperature, and dew point. The data sets cover the period from 2011 through 2016.
Mary-Kate Helm English (BSE) English The Issue of the Lack of Feminine Products available to Homeless Women My group and I met in our Reading/Writing for Civic Chance course. For this class everyone must complete a "Community Project" and make a difference in their community. We decided to center our project around homeless women and their need for feminine hygiene products. Although we just started our project and are still working out the details for getting women the help they need, are main objective is to:
1. Provide these products to women in the City of Lancaster
2. To make them more accessible in their community
During our presentation for Made in Millersville, there will be two various parts of the presentation. The first part will center around why lack of access to feminine products in the city of Lancaster is such an issue. We will be retrieving this information by doing research as well as going to homeless shelters and interviewing women on their experience with this issue. Our second part of the presentation will focus around what we did to make a difference in the community and we made our plan of action sustainable.
Mary-Kate Helm The Issue of the Lack of Feminine Products available to Homeless Women  My group and I met in our Reading/Writing for Civic Chance course. For this class everyone must complete a "Community Project" and make a difference in their community. We decided to center our project around homeless women and their need for feminine hygiene products. Although we just started our project and are still working out the details for getting women the help they need, are main objective is to:
1. Provide these products to women in the City of Lancaster
2. To make them more accessible in their community
During our presentation for Made in Millersville, there will be two various parts of the presentation. The first part will center around why lack of access to feminine products in the city of Lancaster is such an issue. We will be retrieving this information by doing research as well as going to homeless shelters and interviewing women on their experience with this issue. Our second part of the presentation will focus around what we did to make a difference in the community and we made our plan of action sustainable.
Tobias Bentzel Chemistry (BS) Chemistry Epoxidation studies of intermediates en route to altersolanol derivatives Altersolanol P (AP) has prompted multiple studies in our laboratory. Utilizing a Lewis acid-mediated cycloaddition, we previously prepared a Diels-Alder adduct containing the complete carbon framework of AP (80% yield, 8:1 regioselectivity). Based on these preliminary results, the feasibility of using a regioselective Diels-Alder reaction to produce a small library of adducts is being explored. Specifically, epoxidations and dihydroxylations of the adducts, based on the work of Krohn et al., should provide altersolanol derivatives suitable for antibacterial testing. Tobias Bentzel Epoxidation studies of intermediates en route to altersolanol derivatives  Altersolanol P (AP) has prompted multiple studies in our laboratory. Utilizing a Lewis acid-mediated cycloaddition, we previously prepared a Diels-Alder adduct containing the complete carbon framework of AP (80% yield, 8:1 regioselectivity). Based on these preliminary results, the feasibility of using a regioselective Diels-Alder reaction to produce a small library of adducts is being explored. Specifically, epoxidations and dihydroxylations of the adducts, based on the work of Krohn et al., should provide altersolanol derivatives suitable for antibacterial testing.
Cassandra Alexander Ocean Sciences and Coastal Studies (BS) Earth Science Cross-Frontal exchange of water masses at the New England Shelf Break: Preliminary Observations using the Coastal Pioneer Array Intrusions of warmer, saltier continental slope and Gulf Stream warm core ring (WCR) water onto the New England continental shelf have become more frequent during the last several years (Gawarkiewicz et al., 2018), and may in the future world cause significant changes to the biological productivity and physical dynamics of the shelf seas. This undergraduate research poster reports preliminary observations and analyses of a Gulf Stream WCR intrusion onto the shelf during the late spring and early summer of 2014 (first reported by Zhang & Gawarkiewicz, 2015) using the Pioneer Array. We focus on the temporal changes in physical and bio-optical properties at two fixed mooring positions on the outer shelf. The high degree of similarity in the salinity time series allow us to use cross correlation analysis as a means of estimating along-shelf current velocity. Cassandra Alexander Cross-Frontal exchange of water masses at the New England Shelf Break: Preliminary Observations using the Coastal Pioneer Array  Intrusions of warmer, saltier continental slope and Gulf Stream warm core ring (WCR) water onto the New England continental shelf have become more frequent during the last several years (Gawarkiewicz et al., 2018), and may in the future world cause significant changes to the biological productivity and physical dynamics of the shelf seas. This undergraduate research poster reports preliminary observations and analyses of a Gulf Stream WCR intrusion onto the shelf during the late spring and early summer of 2014 (first reported by Zhang & Gawarkiewicz, 2015) using the Pioneer Array. We focus on the temporal changes in physical and bio-optical properties at two fixed mooring positions on the outer shelf. The high degree of similarity in the salinity time series allow us to use cross correlation analysis as a means of estimating along-shelf current velocity.
Keirstyn Allulis History (BA) History Women Undercover in the American Civil War This paper is focused on women posed as men as well as women working as spies during the American Civil War. This paper will look at their lives during the war, but also how they fought for recognition after the war. Keirstyn Allulis Women Undercover in the American Civil War  This paper is focused on women posed as men as well as women working as spies during the American Civil War. This paper will look at their lives during the war, but also how they fought for recognition after the war.
Kathryn Sewick Speech Communication (BS) Communication & Theatre Poster Nonverbal communication in the job interview. What can help and what can destroy an interview. Kathryn Sewick Poster  Nonverbal communication in the job interview. What can help and what can destroy an interview.
Michael Rosen Chemistry (BS) Chemistry Calibration and testing of a Capillary electrophoresis (CE) system, for use in an undergraduate lab. A capillary electrophoresis analysis system was recently donated to Millersville University. This instrument has the capacity to separate and analyze biochemical compounds. The goal of this research project was to setup, calibrate and test the instrument in order for it to be used for an upper level chemistry course (CHM 465). Capillary electrophoresis (CE) is used to separate the components in a mixture and determine the molecular weights of each of its components. The mixture is separated by using a buffer solution which is passed through a capillary tube. The capillary tube is made of fused silica, which acts as the stationary phase and creates a two layered charged surface. A high voltage (10,00Volts) is applied across the capillary, which separates the mixture based on charge and size of the components. At the end of this research experiments that are in the scope of upper level chemistry will be developed if time permits. Examples of potential experiments include Determination of L-Ascorbic Acid in Tomato and determination of peptide conformation. Michael Rosen Calibration and testing of a Capillary electrophoresis (CE) system, for use in an undergraduate lab.  A capillary electrophoresis analysis system was recently donated to Millersville University. This instrument has the capacity to separate and analyze biochemical compounds. The goal of this research project was to setup, calibrate and test the instrument in order for it to be used for an upper level chemistry course (CHM 465). Capillary electrophoresis (CE) is used to separate the components in a mixture and determine the molecular weights of each of its components. The mixture is separated by using a buffer solution which is passed through a capillary tube. The capillary tube is made of fused silica, which acts as the stationary phase and creates a two layered charged surface. A high voltage (10,00Volts) is applied across the capillary, which separates the mixture based on charge and size of the components. At the end of this research experiments that are in the scope of upper level chemistry will be developed if time permits. Examples of potential experiments include Determination of L-Ascorbic Acid in Tomato and determination of peptide conformation.
Janelle Evans International Studies (BA) Government and Political Affairs Presidential Responses to Protests: A Discourse Analysis In my Press and Society class last semester, we each were assigned to do a final presentation. The content could be of our choosing, however, it had to relate in some way to media and its affect on our society. Being a person of color, I chose to present on the differing ways of reporting when it came to the Ferguson shooting. Not only was I interested in how media outlets like CNN and Fox reported the devastating story, I was also concerned as to how President Obama responded at the time and how he chose to calm the fears of America and their hatred towards seemingly racist cops. With this presentation being only five minutes, I was not able to further explore another scenario. I also wanted to delve into the Charlottsville riots, and to determine how a different leader, Donald Trump, chose to speak out on the events in Virginia. Using actual scripts of both speeches from both leaders, I will present a discourse analysis on the differing responses of presidents during times of racial crisis. Janelle Evans Presidential Responses to Protests: A Discourse Analysis  In my Press and Society class last semester, we each were assigned to do a final presentation. The content could be of our choosing, however, it had to relate in some way to media and its affect on our society. Being a person of color, I chose to present on the differing ways of reporting when it came to the Ferguson shooting. Not only was I interested in how media outlets like CNN and Fox reported the devastating story, I was also concerned as to how President Obama responded at the time and how he chose to calm the fears of America and their hatred towards seemingly racist cops. With this presentation being only five minutes, I was not able to further explore another scenario. I also wanted to delve into the Charlottsville riots, and to determine how a different leader, Donald Trump, chose to speak out on the events in Virginia. Using actual scripts of both speeches from both leaders, I will present a discourse analysis on the differing responses of presidents during times of racial crisis.
Daniel Vazquez Applied Engineering & Technology Management (BS) Applied Engineering, Safety and Technology Autonomous Navigation and Mapping of Known and Unknown Environments Automation technologies are quickly becoming a part of our daily lives. This demonstration will highlight some of the navigation technologies used by autonomous cars and other types of autonomous vehicles. Daniel Vazquez Autonomous Navigation and Mapping of Known and Unknown Environments  Automation technologies are quickly becoming a part of our daily lives. This demonstration will highlight some of the navigation technologies used by autonomous cars and other types of autonomous vehicles.
George Pearson Chemistry (BS) Chemistry Synthesis of an Optoelectronic Covalent Organic Framework from Anthrone Covalent organic frameworks (COF) are porous 2- or 3- dimensional polymer structures designed using only organic elements (C, O, N, B) that are constructed of the same repeating covalent bonding. They are used for gas storage, catalysts, chemical gas sensing, biomolecule capture, and optoelectronics. Our goal is construction of a COF from anthrone by nitration, oxidation to the anthraquinone, reductive coupling to form the tetranitrated bianthryl derivative, and reduction of the tetranitrated compound to a tetraamino compound. This symmetric tetraamino compound will be condensed with 1,4-dibenzaldehyde to generate a new COF, constructed of imine linkages. The structure is geometrically and energetically designed to possess electron- trapping characteristics in a 3-dimensional organic framework because the anthryl units will be arrested in an orthogonal orientation. We will accomplish the bulk of our synthesis and characterization at Millersville University and will carry out advanced characterization studies in the form of Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), IR Spectroscopy, and UV-Visible Spectroscopy at Millersville University. We will also carry out Powder X-Ray Diffraction (PXRD), Thermal Analysis, and Gas Adsorption Analysis with our collaborators at James Madison University. George Pearson Synthesis of an Optoelectronic Covalent Organic Framework from Anthrone  Covalent organic frameworks (COF) are porous 2- or 3- dimensional polymer structures designed using only organic elements (C, O, N, B) that are constructed of the same repeating covalent bonding. They are used for gas storage, catalysts, chemical gas sensing, biomolecule capture, and optoelectronics. Our goal is construction of a COF from anthrone by nitration, oxidation to the anthraquinone, reductive coupling to form the tetranitrated bianthryl derivative, and reduction of the tetranitrated compound to a tetraamino compound. This symmetric tetraamino compound will be condensed with 1,4-dibenzaldehyde to generate a new COF, constructed of imine linkages. The structure is geometrically and energetically designed to possess electron- trapping characteristics in a 3-dimensional organic framework because the anthryl units will be arrested in an orthogonal orientation. We will accomplish the bulk of our synthesis and characterization at Millersville University and will carry out advanced characterization studies in the form of Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), IR Spectroscopy, and UV-Visible Spectroscopy at Millersville University. We will also carry out Powder X-Ray Diffraction (PXRD), Thermal Analysis, and Gas Adsorption Analysis with our collaborators at James Madison University.
Matthew Latschar History (BA) History The Bonus Army: How Misscommunication Really Forced the Veterans Out This senior seminar research paper has been prepared for HIST 406, the capstone course for history majors.

After the First World War, veterans returned to a country that was paying civilian workers more than what they were making while risking their lives in Europe. After much deliberation and legislative setbacks, a bill passed in 1924 promised "adjusted compensation" for veterans. However, it was not to be paid in full until 1945. In the summer of 1932, thousands of veterans known as the Bonus Expeditionary Force, led by former Army sergeant Walter W. Waters, descended upon Washington D.C. to demand the immediate payment of their promised "bonus." They would develop rudimentary camps and use their disciplined yet passive lobbying techniques to advocate for their bonus. However, as the bill was defeated and the practicality of remaining in Washington until they received their bonus began to wane, tensions began to rise. Officials, including the Hoover administration, the district commissioners, and the Army, all feared a communist influence on the group. In their minds, a revolution was in the air and decided action was needed. Tensions finally broke on July 28 when during an evacuation order, the Army under Chief of Staff Douglas MacArthur was called in to maintain order and drive the veterans out of buildings along Pennsylvania Avenue. The veterans would be forced completely out of the city and their camps reduced to ashes and rubble. This operation virtually ended the Bonus March in one swift action.

Had all sides of this affair better communicated, discussed intentions, and understood opposing perspectives, it could have potentially ended very differently. The legality, morality, and feasibility of the bonus bill were still very much in question. However, after examining primary source materials, mainly personal accounts and memoirs of many of the major players including Herbert Hoover, Walter Waters, Police Chief Pelham Glassford, Douglas MacArthur, a young Dwight Eisenhower, and others, all sides were closer actually than they realized. Press briefings, personal, and official communications studied also contributed to this conclusion. The secondary literature on this event is available but often seems to place blame on one side or the other. Additionally, they either describe the Bonus March as a consequence of the Great Depression or well as simply a tragedy. Neither of these conclusions are incorrect, but the forceful conclusion of the event was also caused by a breakdown in communication. All parties had a hand in changing the outcome but failed to do so. Hindsight is always 20/20, but all parties were in the same city at the same time and failed to fully convey their intentions and critically analyze the situation. The first major demonstration of its kind could have potentially ended peacefully and gradually. Unfortunately, it did not and to this day proves to be one of the United States' forgotten blemishes. Miscommunication and misunderstandings led to the forceful removal of the B.E.F. from Washington.
Matthew Latschar The Bonus Army: How Misscommunication Really Forced the Veterans Out  This senior seminar research paper has been prepared for HIST 406, the capstone course for history majors.

After the First World War, veterans returned to a country that was paying civilian workers more than what they were making while risking their lives in Europe. After much deliberation and legislative setbacks, a bill passed in 1924 promised "adjusted compensation" for veterans. However, it was not to be paid in full until 1945. In the summer of 1932, thousands of veterans known as the Bonus Expeditionary Force, led by former Army sergeant Walter W. Waters, descended upon Washington D.C. to demand the immediate payment of their promised "bonus." They would develop rudimentary camps and use their disciplined yet passive lobbying techniques to advocate for their bonus. However, as the bill was defeated and the practicality of remaining in Washington until they received their bonus began to wane, tensions began to rise. Officials, including the Hoover administration, the district commissioners, and the Army, all feared a communist influence on the group. In their minds, a revolution was in the air and decided action was needed. Tensions finally broke on July 28 when during an evacuation order, the Army under Chief of Staff Douglas MacArthur was called in to maintain order and drive the veterans out of buildings along Pennsylvania Avenue. The veterans would be forced completely out of the city and their camps reduced to ashes and rubble. This operation virtually ended the Bonus March in one swift action.

Had all sides of this affair better communicated, discussed intentions, and understood opposing perspectives, it could have potentially ended very differently. The legality, morality, and feasibility of the bonus bill were still very much in question. However, after examining primary source materials, mainly personal accounts and memoirs of many of the major players including Herbert Hoover, Walter Waters, Police Chief Pelham Glassford, Douglas MacArthur, a young Dwight Eisenhower, and others, all sides were closer actually than they realized. Press briefings, personal, and official communications studied also contributed to this conclusion. The secondary literature on this event is available but often seems to place blame on one side or the other. Additionally, they either describe the Bonus March as a consequence of the Great Depression or well as simply a tragedy. Neither of these conclusions are incorrect, but the forceful conclusion of the event was also caused by a breakdown in communication. All parties had a hand in changing the outcome but failed to do so. Hindsight is always 20/20, but all parties were in the same city at the same time and failed to fully convey their intentions and critically analyze the situation. The first major demonstration of its kind could have potentially ended peacefully and gradually. Unfortunately, it did not and to this day proves to be one of the United States' forgotten blemishes. Miscommunication and misunderstandings led to the forceful removal of the B.E.F. from Washington.
Hannah Campbell Social Studies Education (BSE) History Rebellion Against the Hydrarchy: The Fight Against British Mercantilist Power in the Atlantic Pirates and smuggling, the ugly reality of the Atlantic maritime economy in the eighteenth century. These illicit activities were portrayed as greedy and violent acts both during their time, and often are still. But, there is more beyond the surface of the propaganda that the British government put forth. This research looks to delve deeper into the causes of piracy and smuggling in the Atlantic, and to prove through firsthand accounts that these were acts of rebellion against a corrupt British mercantilist system. Hannah Campbell Rebellion Against the Hydrarchy: The Fight Against British Mercantilist Power in the Atlantic  Pirates and smuggling, the ugly reality of the Atlantic maritime economy in the eighteenth century. These illicit activities were portrayed as greedy and violent acts both during their time, and often are still. But, there is more beyond the surface of the propaganda that the British government put forth. This research looks to delve deeper into the causes of piracy and smuggling in the Atlantic, and to prove through firsthand accounts that these were acts of rebellion against a corrupt British mercantilist system.
Erin Lee Social Work (BA) Sociology/Anthropology Community Based Research: Collaborative work This panel showcases the Center for for Public Scholarship and Social Change's community based research projects. The panel will present research on the following topics: racial disparities in the about of bail set, social distance between socioeconomic groups, and children with incarcerated parents. Erin Lee Community Based Research: Collaborative work This panel showcases the Center for for Public Scholarship and Social Change's community based research projects. The panel will present research on the following topics: racial disparities in the about of bail set, social distance between socioeconomic groups, and children with incarcerated parents.
Aspen Frey Art (BA) Art & Design Relative Miss-interaction? Function is relative, it becomes ambiguous through the abstraction of form. A vessel's visual aesthetic can change how the viewer interacts with it. This affects how it correlates with functionality. 'Relative Miss-interaction?' is a combination of wheel thrown and hand-built pieces with a cross-section of natural and man-made pieces shown through the ceramic vessel. Each is an example of different iterations of the same shape portrayed as a decorative, sculptural or utilitarian form. This is an exploration of the variances with which functionality is misinterpreted. Aspen Frey Relative Miss-interaction?  Function is relative, it becomes ambiguous through the abstraction of form. A vessel's visual aesthetic can change how the viewer interacts with it. This affects how it correlates with functionality. 'Relative Miss-interaction?' is a combination of wheel thrown and hand-built pieces with a cross-section of natural and man-made pieces shown through the ceramic vessel. Each is an example of different iterations of the same shape portrayed as a decorative, sculptural or utilitarian form. This is an exploration of the variances with which functionality is misinterpreted.
Moira Dougherty Biology (BS) Biology Characterization of premigratory NCCs in between the two waves of migration in slider turtle (Trachemys scripta) The bones of the ventral turtle shell (the plastron) develop similarly to facial bones, suggesting they are produced by the same type of cells, a migrating cell population known as neural crest cells (NCCs). In most embryos, NCCs migrate away from the developing central nervous system over a very short period. There is a unique second migration of NCCs out of the developing spinal cord of turtle embryos; these migrate ventrally and contribute to the bones of the plastron. The hypothesis being tested is that these late-emerging cells result from dormant premigratory NCCs that are not depleted at the end of first wave of migration. The lack of depletion could be due the inability of those NCCs to migrate from the neural tube. The goal of this project is to determine whether a set of neural crest specifiers are expressed in premigratory NCCs during this dormant period using immunofluorescence. Specifiers are transcription factors that control gene regulatory networks important for cell differentiation. This set of genes has been shown to be required for premigratory NCCs to emigrate, and the lack of expression of one or more of these specifiers could be preventing them from exiting the neural tube. This explanation would further our understanding of the role of this unique population of trunk NCCs in the development of the turtle shell. Moira Dougherty Characterization of premigratory NCCs in between the two waves of migration in slider turtle (Trachemys scripta)  The bones of the ventral turtle shell (the plastron) develop similarly to facial bones, suggesting they are produced by the same type of cells, a migrating cell population known as neural crest cells (NCCs). In most embryos, NCCs migrate away from the developing central nervous system over a very short period. There is a unique second migration of NCCs out of the developing spinal cord of turtle embryos; these migrate ventrally and contribute to the bones of the plastron. The hypothesis being tested is that these late-emerging cells result from dormant premigratory NCCs that are not depleted at the end of first wave of migration. The lack of depletion could be due the inability of those NCCs to migrate from the neural tube. The goal of this project is to determine whether a set of neural crest specifiers are expressed in premigratory NCCs during this dormant period using immunofluorescence. Specifiers are transcription factors that control gene regulatory networks important for cell differentiation. This set of genes has been shown to be required for premigratory NCCs to emigrate, and the lack of expression of one or more of these specifiers could be preventing them from exiting the neural tube. This explanation would further our understanding of the role of this unique population of trunk NCCs in the development of the turtle shell.
Taylor Brandt Psychology (BA) Psychology Choosing Indifference: Avoiding the Cost of Compassion through Motivated Emotion Regulation Compassion collapse describes the tendency for compassion to decrease as the number of suffering victims increases. One
explanation given is that people down-regulate compassion when they believe its cost outweighs its benefits. Our study examined
whether priming participants with the expectation of being asked to make a lifestyle change would decrease compassion toward a group of child sweatshop workers. We found that expectation of personal cost did, indeed, result in
compassion collapse, providing evidence for the role of motivated emotion regulation, but only when the experience of compassion is believed to be costly.
Taylor Brandt Choosing Indifference: Avoiding the Cost of Compassion through Motivated Emotion Regulation  Compassion collapse describes the tendency for compassion to decrease as the number of suffering victims increases. One
explanation given is that people down-regulate compassion when they believe its cost outweighs its benefits. Our study examined
whether priming participants with the expectation of being asked to make a lifestyle change would decrease compassion toward a group of child sweatshop workers. We found that expectation of personal cost did, indeed, result in
compassion collapse, providing evidence for the role of motivated emotion regulation, but only when the experience of compassion is believed to be costly.
Jennifer Houtz Biology (BS) Biology Postmortem succession of the European starling (Sturnus vulgaris) gastrointestinal microbiota Gastrointestinal microbiota impact vertebrate host health through functional roles in immunity, nutrition, and waste removal. Although several studies have demonstrated an importance for the functional role gut microbes play in living organisms, the fate of the gut microbiome after death is less understood. Postmortem succession has been characterized in human-associated microbial communities, but no studies have investigated this phenomenon in birds. Here, we examined postmortem microbiome dynamics in the gastrointestinal tracts of European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris). The primary objectives of this study were: 1) to characterize the gastrointestinal microbiome in antemortem and postmortem starlings; 2) to compare microbial composition among different gastrointestinal tract regions and; 3) to determine how the gastrointestinal tract microbiome changes during decomposition. To date, we have characterized shifts in the gastrointestinal microbiome of starling nestlings at 0, 24, 48, and 72 hours postmortem. Immediately prior to death, the microbiome was diverse and comprised of microbes from multiple phyla of variable relative abundance. Interestingly, the relative abundance of each phyla varied across regions of the gastrointestinal tract. For example, the small intestine, ceca, and cloaca were dominated by Proteobacteria, whereas the large intestine was dominated by Tenericutes. After 72 hours of decomposition, the diversity of the microbial communities diminished in all gastrointestinal tract regions to only include Proteobacteria and Firmicutes. We conclude that the microbiome of the gastrointestinal tract in living starlings is variable and region-dependent, but as decomposition progresses only a couple of microbial phyla persist. To our knowledge, these findings are the first to describe the necrobiome community in an avian model. Jennifer Houtz Postmortem succession of the European starling (Sturnus vulgaris) gastrointestinal microbiota  Gastrointestinal microbiota impact vertebrate host health through functional roles in immunity, nutrition, and waste removal. Although several studies have demonstrated an importance for the functional role gut microbes play in living organisms, the fate of the gut microbiome after death is less understood. Postmortem succession has been characterized in human-associated microbial communities, but no studies have investigated this phenomenon in birds. Here, we examined postmortem microbiome dynamics in the gastrointestinal tracts of European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris). The primary objectives of this study were: 1) to characterize the gastrointestinal microbiome in antemortem and postmortem starlings; 2) to compare microbial composition among different gastrointestinal tract regions and; 3) to determine how the gastrointestinal tract microbiome changes during decomposition. To date, we have characterized shifts in the gastrointestinal microbiome of starling nestlings at 0, 24, 48, and 72 hours postmortem. Immediately prior to death, the microbiome was diverse and comprised of microbes from multiple phyla of variable relative abundance. Interestingly, the relative abundance of each phyla varied across regions of the gastrointestinal tract. For example, the small intestine, ceca, and cloaca were dominated by Proteobacteria, whereas the large intestine was dominated by Tenericutes. After 72 hours of decomposition, the diversity of the microbial communities diminished in all gastrointestinal tract regions to only include Proteobacteria and Firmicutes. We conclude that the microbiome of the gastrointestinal tract in living starlings is variable and region-dependent, but as decomposition progresses only a couple of microbial phyla persist. To our knowledge, these findings are the first to describe the necrobiome community in an avian model.
Katarzyna Jakubiak Faculty English New Dimensions of World Literature: What Can We Learn from Writers from Africa, Asia, the Carribbean and the Middle East. This poster presentation will introduce the audience to selected contemporary literature from Africa, the Caribbean, East and South Asia and the Middle East. The presenters will give overview of cultural and historical contexts of the selected works and discuss major topics and literary techniques present in these works. Katarzyna Jakubiak New Dimensions of World Literature: What Can We Learn from Writers from Africa, Asia, the Carribbean and the Middle East.  This poster presentation will introduce the audience to selected contemporary literature from Africa, the Caribbean, East and South Asia and the Middle East. The presenters will give overview of cultural and historical contexts of the selected works and discuss major topics and literary techniques present in these works.
Christine Gaudry Faculty Foreign Languages French Beyond French Borders Did you know French is the official language in 29 countries, which puts it in second place behind English? Did you know about 300 million people in the world speak French? Did you know French has become the sixth most widely spoken language in the world, following Mandarin Chinese, English, Hindi, Spanish and Arabic? Did you know approximately 120 million students are currently learning French? Did you know France has won the most number of 'Nobel' prizes in literature? Please come and join some French majors and minors who will tell you about the literature of French-Speaking countries beyond the borders of France. Christine Gaudry French Beyond French Borders  Did you know French is the official language in 29 countries, which puts it in second place behind English? Did you know about 300 million people in the world speak French? Did you know French has become the sixth most widely spoken language in the world, following Mandarin Chinese, English, Hindi, Spanish and Arabic? Did you know approximately 120 million students are currently learning French? Did you know France has won the most number of 'Nobel' prizes in literature? Please come and join some French majors and minors who will tell you about the literature of French-Speaking countries beyond the borders of France.
Willis Do Applied Engineering & Technology Management (BS) Applied Engineering, Safety and Technology An Experimental Comparison of the Color Fastness of Selected Water-Based Inks Water-based poster inks are commonly used in the packaging industry for printing graphics onto corrugated board. The inks are used throughout the industry and applied to different substrates. Samples of corrugated board with flexographic and screen-printed inks were exposed to environmental conditions. The experimental study measured the color fastness of water-based ink on 32ECT C-Flute kraft corrugated board. A densitometer was used to measure the color fastness of each sample. All samples were exposed to various controlled environmental conditions. Willis Do An Experimental Comparison of the Color Fastness of Selected Water-Based Inks  Water-based poster inks are commonly used in the packaging industry for printing graphics onto corrugated board. The inks are used throughout the industry and applied to different substrates. Samples of corrugated board with flexographic and screen-printed inks were exposed to environmental conditions. The experimental study measured the color fastness of water-based ink on 32ECT C-Flute kraft corrugated board. A densitometer was used to measure the color fastness of each sample. All samples were exposed to various controlled environmental conditions.
Thomas Tchistiak Applied Engineering & Technology Management (BS) Applied Engineering, Safety and Technology Establishing Proper Laboratory Practices for Three-Dimensional Silicone Printing on Garments Silicone printing is a mixture of silicone additives and silicone based inks. The problem of this study was to establish laboratory practices for three-dimensional silicone screen printing. All samples were printed and heat set according to manufacturer's specifications. Specific silicone temperatures were established. Recommendations for further study were documented. Thomas Tchistiak Establishing Proper Laboratory Practices for Three-Dimensional Silicone Printing on Garments  Silicone printing is a mixture of silicone additives and silicone based inks. The problem of this study was to establish laboratory practices for three-dimensional silicone screen printing. All samples were printed and heat set according to manufacturer's specifications. Specific silicone temperatures were established. Recommendations for further study were documented.
Samuel Brennan Applied Engineering & Technology Management (BS) Applied Engineering, Safety and Technology SAE BAJA BUGGY The SME student group is competing in an international competition. Out of the entire world, 100 schools make into this competition and we are one of them. The competition is designing, manufacturing and presenting our work through many different aspects of competition. Samuel Brennan SAE BAJA BUGGY  The SME student group is competing in an international competition. Out of the entire world, 100 schools make into this competition and we are one of them. The competition is designing, manufacturing and presenting our work through many different aspects of competition.
Brittany Baskin Early Childhood Education (BSE) English Becoming a Better Writer In our oral presentation we will first analyze the writing tool ProWritingAid and identify the elements of this complicated site. We will then present our revised interpretation of this site, ProWriting 2.0. Our new site caters to advanced composition students at Millersville University. This website will help them better their writing in a way that ProWritingAid will not. To create the site we used information from The Little Seagull Handbook by Richard Bullock, Michal Brody, and Francine Weinberg. In this site students can read about various writing elements including but not limited to grammar, readability, and publishing. During our presentation the three of us will explain specific elements of the website. Brittany Baskin Becoming a Better Writer  In our oral presentation we will first analyze the writing tool ProWritingAid and identify the elements of this complicated site. We will then present our revised interpretation of this site, ProWriting 2.0. Our new site caters to advanced composition students at Millersville University. This website will help them better their writing in a way that ProWritingAid will not. To create the site we used information from The Little Seagull Handbook by Richard Bullock, Michal Brody, and Francine Weinberg. In this site students can read about various writing elements including but not limited to grammar, readability, and publishing. During our presentation the three of us will explain specific elements of the website.
Edwin Sanchez Biology (BA) Biology A Comparison of Two Cancrid Crab Species: Cancer borealis and Cancer irroratus Jonah crabs, Cancer borealis, and Atlantic rock crabs, Cancer irroratus, were collected from Maryland and Delaware coastal waters to create a species-identification card for local fishermen. Recently, Jonah crabs became federally and state regulated while Atlantic rock crabs remain unmanaged. For males of both species, the morphometric attributes studied were the length of the right third pereiopod merus (R3 merus), right chela height (RChH), right cheliped weight, right chela width (RChW), right chela length (RChL), total body weight, and carapace width (CW). There were distinct markings and color patterns on the manus that proved useful for identification purposes. The variables that differed the most between the two species are the length of the R3 merus, the RChH, and the difference between the long carapace width (LCW) (maximum width perpendicular to the medial axis) and the short carapace width (SCW) (distance between indentations anterior to the outermost anterolateral spines). The R3 merus length of the Atlantic rock crab was significantly greater than that of the Jonah crab (P = 0.0002) for a given CW. Additionally, the merus length showed a significantly (P = 0.038) steeper slope in rock crabs than in Jonah crabs. Both RChH and RChW are positively correlated with CW for both species (Jonah: R2 = 0.6647, R2 = 0.7673, respectively; Rock: R2 = 0.8714, R2 = 0.8632, respectively). We found that chela height of Jonah crab was greater than rock crab for the measured range (60-140mm). The chela width did not differ significantly between the two species (P > 0.05). The difference between the carapace widths are significantly different (Student's t-test, P < 2.2e-16). The ratio of cheliped weight to total body weight did not differ with carapace width, nor did it differ significantly between the species (ANCOVA, P = 0.127). RChL increased with CW, but there was no significant difference among RChL between the species for a given size (P = 0.528). Edwin Sanchez A Comparison of Two Cancrid Crab Species: Cancer borealis and Cancer irroratus  Jonah crabs, Cancer borealis, and Atlantic rock crabs, Cancer irroratus, were collected from Maryland and Delaware coastal waters to create a species-identification card for local fishermen. Recently, Jonah crabs became federally and state regulated while Atlantic rock crabs remain unmanaged. For males of both species, the morphometric attributes studied were the length of the right third pereiopod merus (R3 merus), right chela height (RChH), right cheliped weight, right chela width (RChW), right chela length (RChL), total body weight, and carapace width (CW). There were distinct markings and color patterns on the manus that proved useful for identification purposes. The variables that differed the most between the two species are the length of the R3 merus, the RChH, and the difference between the long carapace width (LCW) (maximum width perpendicular to the medial axis) and the short carapace width (SCW) (distance between indentations anterior to the outermost anterolateral spines). The R3 merus length of the Atlantic rock crab was significantly greater than that of the Jonah crab (P = 0.0002) for a given CW. Additionally, the merus length showed a significantly (P = 0.038) steeper slope in rock crabs than in Jonah crabs. Both RChH and RChW are positively correlated with CW for both species (Jonah: R2 = 0.6647, R2 = 0.7673, respectively; Rock: R2 = 0.8714, R2 = 0.8632, respectively). We found that chela height of Jonah crab was greater than rock crab for the measured range (60-140mm). The chela width did not differ significantly between the two species (P > 0.05). The difference between the carapace widths are significantly different (Student's t-test, P < 2.2e-16). The ratio of cheliped weight to total body weight did not differ with carapace width, nor did it differ significantly between the species (ANCOVA, P = 0.127). RChL increased with CW, but there was no significant difference among RChL between the species for a given size (P = 0.528).
JERRY MCKINNEY Art (BA) Art & Design REFLECTIONS I WANT TO ANALYZE MYSELF AND THE WORLD AROUND ME WITH A VISUAL WORK OF ART DONE IN MIXED MEDIA. JERRY MCKINNEY REFLECTIONS  I WANT TO ANALYZE MYSELF AND THE WORLD AROUND ME WITH A VISUAL WORK OF ART DONE IN MIXED MEDIA.
Emily Bland Spanish (BSE) Foreign Languages La Cultura de España (The Culture of Spain) By bringing the modern-day culture of Spain to Millersville through Spain's active cultural occurrences, the audience will be able to form a connection to the Spanish culture. The base of the presentation will include an overview of Spain's background that will then lead to the popular topic of today, the independence debate of Cataluña. The presenters will be prepared to talk about and answer questions concerning the ideas: how does this affect Europe, the importance of Spain's culture as a whole, and why it is important to know and understand the topic. Lastly, it is essential to spread the Spanish culture and share the passion of foreign languages and a world view perspective to all. Emily Bland La Cultura de España (The Culture of Spain)  By bringing the modern-day culture of Spain to Millersville through Spain's active cultural occurrences, the audience will be able to form a connection to the Spanish culture. The base of the presentation will include an overview of Spain's background that will then lead to the popular topic of today, the independence debate of Cataluña. The presenters will be prepared to talk about and answer questions concerning the ideas: how does this affect Europe, the importance of Spain's culture as a whole, and why it is important to know and understand the topic. Lastly, it is essential to spread the Spanish culture and share the passion of foreign languages and a world view perspective to all.
Megan Greenplate Graduate Student Earth Science The economic and ecological assessment of stream restoration through cost-benefit analysis Anthropogenic impacts on stream ecosystems contribute to suspended sediment, nutrient loading, acid mine drainage, and overall water quality issues in streams across North America. Stream restoration is a growing solution to mitigating pollution within streams as well as the land use/land change impacts on stream geomorphology; however, there are a lack of data that assign a monetary value on the ecological worth of intended goals for stream restoration projects. The purpose of this study was to conduct a quantitative evaluation of the economic and ecological studies published to date that may have examined these two parameters regarding stream restoration. Our objectives to address these problems included: 1) a characterization of the frequency, type, and purpose of stream restoration projects; 2) the determination of the economic costs and benefits of restoration methods using case studies and; 3) the identification and delineation of the problems associated with estimating the ecological benefits of stream restoration relative to the economic costs to perform these restorations. These objectives were addressed through a meta-analysis of restoration databases and journal articles, as well as through estimations derived from case studies representative of different project objectives. We found that the United States averaged 2,853 restoration projects per year between 1990 and 2003. Over the same period Pennsylvania averaged 97 stream restoration projects per year. Of these Pennsylvania restoration projects, less than 6% were monitored after completion. Both on the state and national level there are 13 identified motives behind restoration projects. The median cost of each project range from $19,000-$812,000 respectively. We will be providing economic cost estimates for the different project rationales in hopes of extrapolating a cost/benefit breakdown for the ecological benefits provided by stream restoration. Understanding the cost associated with the ecological benefits to restoring an impaired stream is critical in the evaluation of the restoration plan itself, as well as determining if future projects are viable from a cost-benefit perspective to improve water quality. Megan Greenplate The economic and ecological assessment of stream restoration through cost-benefit analysis  Anthropogenic impacts on stream ecosystems contribute to suspended sediment, nutrient loading, acid mine drainage, and overall water quality issues in streams across North America. Stream restoration is a growing solution to mitigating pollution within streams as well as the land use/land change impacts on stream geomorphology; however, there are a lack of data that assign a monetary value on the ecological worth of intended goals for stream restoration projects. The purpose of this study was to conduct a quantitative evaluation of the economic and ecological studies published to date that may have examined these two parameters regarding stream restoration. Our objectives to address these problems included: 1) a characterization of the frequency, type, and purpose of stream restoration projects; 2) the determination of the economic costs and benefits of restoration methods using case studies and; 3) the identification and delineation of the problems associated with estimating the ecological benefits of stream restoration relative to the economic costs to perform these restorations. These objectives were addressed through a meta-analysis of restoration databases and journal articles, as well as through estimations derived from case studies representative of different project objectives. We found that the United States averaged 2,853 restoration projects per year between 1990 and 2003. Over the same period Pennsylvania averaged 97 stream restoration projects per year. Of these Pennsylvania restoration projects, less than 6% were monitored after completion. Both on the state and national level there are 13 identified motives behind restoration projects. The median cost of each project range from $19,000-$812,000 respectively. We will be providing economic cost estimates for the different project rationales in hopes of extrapolating a cost/benefit breakdown for the ecological benefits provided by stream restoration. Understanding the cost associated with the ecological benefits to restoring an impaired stream is critical in the evaluation of the restoration plan itself, as well as determining if future projects are viable from a cost-benefit perspective to improve water quality.
Peter Dutton Early Childhood Education (BSE) Early, Middle and Exceptional Education ESSA Forecast for the Arts I am studying the state proposals of many states under the federal ESSA. Specifically my study would seek to define a successful and beneficial arts education plan. I will cultivate, with the help of professors and state legislators, a rubric for state proposed arts education plans and forecast which states will successfully increase art educations in their state. I will also explain and explore why arts education is important and why states should seek to have well-rounded educations for their students beyond the federal mandates. Peter Dutton ESSA Forecast for the Arts  I am studying the state proposals of many states under the federal ESSA. Specifically my study would seek to define a successful and beneficial arts education plan. I will cultivate, with the help of professors and state legislators, a rubric for state proposed arts education plans and forecast which states will successfully increase art educations in their state. I will also explain and explore why arts education is important and why states should seek to have well-rounded educations for their students beyond the federal mandates.
Natalie Auman Biology (BS) Biology Do Small Mammals Prey Switch During the Winter? An Evaluation of Invertebrate Prey Availability in the Subfolium Level of the Forest Floor. Many small mammals such as shrews and rodents prey on terrestrial invertebrates, but some also eat vertebrates such as other small mammals, frogs, snakes etc. Our objective will be to determine if small mammals become more attracted to the scent of vertebrate prey as invertebrate prey numbers decline during colder temperatures. Here we present the first year results of a multi-year study. Our two study sites occurred on the Millersville University Biological Preserve. Each study site contained a trap line consisting of paired Sherman small mammal traps (treatment and control) (n≈32 traps at each site). Control traps had clean wood shavings while experimental traps had wood shavings soiled with mice urine (scent source of potential vertebrate prey). Traps were set and checked once a week from August 2017 until May 2018. Trapping success was recorded as the number small mammal captures recorded on each trap line divided by the total number of traps. This was done separately for control and treatment traps. To sample for invertebrate prey abundance, four 24cm2 of subfolium (leaf litter) and topsoil were collected along each trap line and the ambient, subfolium, and soil temperatures were recorded as well. Invertebrate samples were collected in cloth bags and transferred into Berlese funnels to determine invertebrate prey abundance. Data is still being collected and analyzed. We will use a general linearized model to determine if small mammal trapping success was influenced by invertebrate prey abundance, ambient temperature, subfolium temperature and topsoil temperature. We will also run interactions between invertebrate abundance and the different temperature readings. This study will provide a greater ecological understanding of potential prey switching strategies of small mammals during different seasons. Natalie Auman Do Small Mammals Prey Switch During the Winter? An Evaluation of Invertebrate Prey Availability in the Subfolium Level of the Forest Floor.  Many small mammals such as shrews and rodents prey on terrestrial invertebrates, but some also eat vertebrates such as other small mammals, frogs, snakes etc. Our objective will be to determine if small mammals become more attracted to the scent of vertebrate prey as invertebrate prey numbers decline during colder temperatures. Here we present the first year results of a multi-year study. Our two study sites occurred on the Millersville University Biological Preserve. Each study site contained a trap line consisting of paired Sherman small mammal traps (treatment and control) (n≈32 traps at each site). Control traps had clean wood shavings while experimental traps had wood shavings soiled with mice urine (scent source of potential vertebrate prey). Traps were set and checked once a week from August 2017 until May 2018. Trapping success was recorded as the number small mammal captures recorded on each trap line divided by the total number of traps. This was done separately for control and treatment traps. To sample for invertebrate prey abundance, four 24cm2 of subfolium (leaf litter) and topsoil were collected along each trap line and the ambient, subfolium, and soil temperatures were recorded as well. Invertebrate samples were collected in cloth bags and transferred into Berlese funnels to determine invertebrate prey abundance. Data is still being collected and analyzed. We will use a general linearized model to determine if small mammal trapping success was influenced by invertebrate prey abundance, ambient temperature, subfolium temperature and topsoil temperature. We will also run interactions between invertebrate abundance and the different temperature readings. This study will provide a greater ecological understanding of potential prey switching strategies of small mammals during different seasons.
Marie Dunkle Graduate Student Art & Design Figuring It Out: Loving Yourself Figuring It Out: Loving Yourself, will be an art exhibition of paintings stressing the importance of accepting our own quirks and flaws. Paintings will have figures as their subject which will be illustrating struggles faced by women who have trouble loving who they are. The pieces will vary in size and material, and will be showcased at Made in Millersville 2018. The work itself will bring to light how important it is to love who you are, and help viewers "figure out" what they may be over analyzing about themselves. Marie Dunkle Figuring It Out: Loving Yourself  Figuring It Out: Loving Yourself, will be an art exhibition of paintings stressing the importance of accepting our own quirks and flaws. Paintings will have figures as their subject which will be illustrating struggles faced by women who have trouble loving who they are. The pieces will vary in size and material, and will be showcased at Made in Millersville 2018. The work itself will bring to light how important it is to love who you are, and help viewers "figure out" what they may be over analyzing about themselves.
James Machado Faculty Communication & Theatre MidnightRun24, Millersville's first 24-Hour Video Race On Friday, February 9th, 2018, six student teams set out on a 24-hour race to produce, write, shoot, edit and submit short video projects. These projects were judged by a panel of faculty and industry professionals and screened in McComsey Auditorium on Saturday February10th, 2018. The purpose of the proposed panel is to bring these ambitious projects to the wider Millersville community. Each project, less than 5 minutes per, will be screened in succession. Then, a panel discussion will commence consisting of one representative from each group. The students will reflect on their experience during the race and discuss how their participation would qualify as a high-impact educational practice. James Machado  MidnightRun24, Millersville's first 24-Hour Video Race On Friday, February 9th, 2018, six student teams set out on a 24-hour race to produce, write, shoot, edit and submit short video projects. These projects were judged by a panel of faculty and industry professionals and screened in McComsey Auditorium on Saturday February10th, 2018. The purpose of the proposed panel is to bring these ambitious projects to the wider Millersville community. Each project, less than 5 minutes per, will be screened in succession. Then, a panel discussion will commence consisting of one representative from each group. The students will reflect on their experience during the race and discuss how their participation would qualify as a high-impact educational practice.
Jasmin Leath Speech Communication (BS) Communication & Theatre The Effect of Communication on Infidelity Rates Within Romantic Relationships Communication is a fundamental item in the perpetuation of relationships. Not only is communication important, there are also many ways individuals can choose to communicate with one another. In this century, romantic infidelity has become a common dispute among romantic partners. Romantic infidelity occurs when a person feels love and affection for both their spouse and another person or a person having a low emotional attachment to their current spouse and develop romantic feelings for another person, even while maintaining their marriage or current relationship to make things work. Learning more about how individuals communicate within romantic relationships will aid in lowering the rate of divorce in the Unites States. It could also potentially have major implications in the fields of education and counseling. By knowing this, it can help individuals understand the emotional and physical effect of their words upon their loved ones Jasmin Leath The Effect of Communication on Infidelity Rates Within Romantic Relationships  Communication is a fundamental item in the perpetuation of relationships. Not only is communication important, there are also many ways individuals can choose to communicate with one another. In this century, romantic infidelity has become a common dispute among romantic partners. Romantic infidelity occurs when a person feels love and affection for both their spouse and another person or a person having a low emotional attachment to their current spouse and develop romantic feelings for another person, even while maintaining their marriage or current relationship to make things work. Learning more about how individuals communicate within romantic relationships will aid in lowering the rate of divorce in the Unites States. It could also potentially have major implications in the fields of education and counseling. By knowing this, it can help individuals understand the emotional and physical effect of their words upon their loved ones
Madison Stoutland Speech Communication (BS) Communication & Theatre Stigmas in Greek Life on Millersville's Campus I will be presenting from my laptop with a video that shows charts, and videos showing the stigmas that appear in Greek Life on campus through both the eyes of Greek Life members and non greeks. Madison Stoutland Stigmas in Greek Life on Millersville's Campus  I will be presenting from my laptop with a video that shows charts, and videos showing the stigmas that appear in Greek Life on campus through both the eyes of Greek Life members and non greeks.
Rashna Yousaf English (BA) English The Line -The Line is a short film that revolves around the theme of racial discrimination and gender inequality. Rashna Yousaf The Line  -The Line is a short film that revolves around the theme of racial discrimination and gender inequality.
Emmali Montgomery Computer Science (BS) Multidisciplinary What is the effect of the United States prison system on mothers and their children born behind bars? The United States prison system incarceration rate for women increased 700% between 1980 and 2014. It becomes increasingly important to analyze where prisons are failing women and negatively impacting their children, especially when pregnant during their jail sentence. Prison is a gendered institution, so it is not currently prepared to handle pregnant women, female drug abusers, necessary services, prenatal care, or child care and services necessary during a mother's time behind bars. This solicits the question: what is the effect of the United States prison system on mothers and their children born behind bars? Emmali Montgomery What is the effect of the United States prison system on mothers and their children born behind bars?  The United States prison system incarceration rate for women increased 700% between 1980 and 2014. It becomes increasingly important to analyze where prisons are failing women and negatively impacting their children, especially when pregnant during their jail sentence. Prison is a gendered institution, so it is not currently prepared to handle pregnant women, female drug abusers, necessary services, prenatal care, or child care and services necessary during a mother's time behind bars. This solicits the question: what is the effect of the United States prison system on mothers and their children born behind bars?
Megan Jones Interactive & Graphic Design (BDES) Art & Design Childhood Nostalgia Using the technique of stop-motion, I created an animation based off of retro video games I played as a child. The idea is to give the viewer a sense of childhood nostalgia for those who also played the same games. Megan Jones Childhood Nostalgia  Using the technique of stop-motion, I created an animation based off of retro video games I played as a child. The idea is to give the viewer a sense of childhood nostalgia for those who also played the same games.
Sarah Dean Early Childhood Education (BSE) Early, Middle and Exceptional Education Black History Month - Journey Box A journey box is a collection of artifacts, photos, journals, and other items accumulated from a trip so people can experience the culture and importance of the place or event. My journey box is based on why we celebrate Black History Month. It focuses on important events, places, and people that contributed to our nation's history through engaging activities for students. Sarah Dean Black History Month - Journey Box  A journey box is a collection of artifacts, photos, journals, and other items accumulated from a trip so people can experience the culture and importance of the place or event. My journey box is based on why we celebrate Black History Month. It focuses on important events, places, and people that contributed to our nation's history through engaging activities for students.
Charles Brooks Graduate Student Nursing Concept Analysis: Motivational Interviewing Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a concept initially developed from clinical psychologists. This concept analysis seeks to understand the meaning(s) of MI and its application within the healthcare setting. MI is a collaborative effort between Providers and Clients, but also sometimes utilized amongst group discussion settings. MI has shown significant effect for high-risk lifestyle behavior changes through cognitive remapping of perceptions for what is "rewarding" to a person. Charles Brooks Concept Analysis: Motivational Interviewing  Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a concept initially developed from clinical psychologists. This concept analysis seeks to understand the meaning(s) of MI and its application within the healthcare setting. MI is a collaborative effort between Providers and Clients, but also sometimes utilized amongst group discussion settings. MI has shown significant effect for high-risk lifestyle behavior changes through cognitive remapping of perceptions for what is "rewarding" to a person.
Psychology (BA) Psychology Undergraduate Racial Differences in Texting and Social Media Use and the Impact on Academic Performance Aziza Griggs Aziza Griggs Racial Differences in Texting and Social Media Use and the Impact on Academic Performance 
Social Work (BA) Social Work Undergraduate Bridging the Gap Briding the Gap is an event designed my Dr. Frank of the Social Work Department here at Millersville University. This is intended to bring together first year social work students and locals in the community who are participants at The Factory Ministries and are experiencing poverty, thus "closing the gap" that socioeconomic status has opened. We cook dinner together, share a meal and have an open dialogue structured by questions formulated by both students and participants. It is an eye-opening experience for all participants. Anna VanBuskirk Anna VanBuskirk Bridging the Gap  Briding the Gap is an event designed my Dr. Frank of the Social Work Department here at Millersville University. This is intended to bring together first year social work students and locals in the community who are participants at The Factory Ministries and are experiencing poverty, thus "closing the gap" that socioeconomic status has opened. We cook dinner together, share a meal and have an open dialogue structured by questions formulated by both students and participants. It is an eye-opening experience for all participants.
English (BSE) English Undergraduate Use and Perception of Google Translate in the Classroom Computer translation tools are becoming more sophisticated and accessible. As technology advances, its role could take a more central role in the classroom. The purpose of this study is to explore the potential use of computer translators as instructional tools for learning languages. The main research questions of this study concern student and teacher perceptions of computer translators as well as student's use of them. Additionally, this study offers a brief background on the history of MT and its past roles and uses in the classroom. Google Translate was chosen as a tool to gauge students' perception and use of computer translators. Participants took an online survey regarding their usage and perception of Google Translate. Follow-up interviews were conducted with volunteer student participants. To gauge teacher perception, interviews were conducted with professors of foreign language. Maria Glotfelter Maria Glotfelter Use and Perception of Google Translate in the Classroom  Computer translation tools are becoming more sophisticated and accessible. As technology advances, its role could take a more central role in the classroom. The purpose of this study is to explore the potential use of computer translators as instructional tools for learning languages. The main research questions of this study concern student and teacher perceptions of computer translators as well as student's use of them. Additionally, this study offers a brief background on the history of MT and its past roles and uses in the classroom. Google Translate was chosen as a tool to gauge students' perception and use of computer translators. Participants took an online survey regarding their usage and perception of Google Translate. Follow-up interviews were conducted with volunteer student participants. To gauge teacher perception, interviews were conducted with professors of foreign language.
Chemistry (BS) Chemistry Undergraduate Studies en Route to Altersolanol Derivatives Altersolanol P (AP), a new member of the altersolanol family of compounds, is the inspiration for multiple synthetic studies in our laboratory. AP exhibits broad-spectrum activity against gram-positive bacteria and some gram-negative bacteria. Previously in our laboratory, a synthetic intermediate, containing the complete carbon framework of AP, has been synthesized via Lewis acid-mediated Diels-Alder cycloaddition on gram scale (in 80% yield and 8:1 regioselectivity). Using classic 2D NMR techniques, the regioselective nature of the Diels-Alder reaction was proven. Current synthetic efforts are focused on dihydroxylation of the Diels-Alder adduct model system. Our long-term goal is to synthesize AP, and structurally related derivatives, as efficiently as possible. Then, the biological activities of AP, and related compounds, can be further studied. Brandon Frey Brandon Frey Studies en Route to Altersolanol Derivatives  Altersolanol P (AP), a new member of the altersolanol family of compounds, is the inspiration for multiple synthetic studies in our laboratory. AP exhibits broad-spectrum activity against gram-positive bacteria and some gram-negative bacteria. Previously in our laboratory, a synthetic intermediate, containing the complete carbon framework of AP, has been synthesized via Lewis acid-mediated Diels-Alder cycloaddition on gram scale (in 80% yield and 8:1 regioselectivity). Using classic 2D NMR techniques, the regioselective nature of the Diels-Alder reaction was proven. Current synthetic efforts are focused on dihydroxylation of the Diels-Alder adduct model system. Our long-term goal is to synthesize AP, and structurally related derivatives, as efficiently as possible. Then, the biological activities of AP, and related compounds, can be further studied.
Computer Science (BS) Computer Science Undergraduate Parallel Pathfinding Pathfinding is an important problem that is used in many applications ranging from video games to robotics. However, finding the best path between two points can often take a very long time to do. So, the goal of this research was to look for ways to increase performance by utilizing multiple processors. During the research project, several algorithms were ran and analyzed inside of randomly generated grid-based environments and then compared based on factors like execution time and path quality. Several of these algorithms use parallel processing to increase speed, including a new scalable algorithm devised to split up the search space evenly without using a high-level map of the environment. In addition, this research investigated how varying tile costs in the gridded environments affected the performance and path quality of these algorithms. Alex Wilton Alex Wilton Parallel Pathfinding  Pathfinding is an important problem that is used in many applications ranging from video games to robotics. However, finding the best path between two points can often take a very long time to do. So, the goal of this research was to look for ways to increase performance by utilizing multiple processors. During the research project, several algorithms were ran and analyzed inside of randomly generated grid-based environments and then compared based on factors like execution time and path quality. Several of these algorithms use parallel processing to increase speed, including a new scalable algorithm devised to split up the search space evenly without using a high-level map of the environment. In addition, this research investigated how varying tile costs in the gridded environments affected the performance and path quality of these algorithms.
Sociology (BA) Sociology/Anthropology Undergraduate Prevalence, Prevention, and Bystander Intervention of Campus Sexual Assault Sexual assault is known to be a widely recognized and pervasive social problem on college campuses, especially in the partying scene where alcohol is involved. This review seeks to examine existing research in efforts to understand prevalence, bystander intervention, and prevention in the area of sexual assault among college students. Lindsey Slough Lindsey Slough Prevalence, Prevention, and Bystander Intervention of Campus Sexual Assault  Sexual assault is known to be a widely recognized and pervasive social problem on college campuses, especially in the partying scene where alcohol is involved. This review seeks to examine existing research in efforts to understand prevalence, bystander intervention, and prevention in the area of sexual assault among college students.
Biology (BS) Biology Undergraduate Temporal analysis of threats causing species endangerment in the U.S. The U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA) was created to protect and recover imperiled species and the ecosystems upon which they depend. Imperiled species are federally listed as either threatened or endangered (T&E). The objectives of our study were to quantify how the number of threats impacting species at time of their listing has changed, and to evaluate how the occurrence of a given threat included in a listing decision changed between 1975 and 2016. We accessed Federal Register listing documents for all T&E species listed in the U.S. and its territories from 1975 through 2016 to develop a database of threats impacting federally listed species. We defined six threat categories and recorded the presence/absence of a given threat category for a given species. Threat categories included habitat modification, overutilization, pollution, species-species interaction, demographic stochasticity, and environmental stochasticity. On average, number of threats per listing decision increased by 1.17 threats per decade. Compared to 1975, we found that the top threat occurrence in 2016 was no longer dominated by habitat modification, but also included environmental stochasticity and species-species interaction. We found a significant decrease in threat occurrence for overutilization since 1975 and for demographic stochasticity and pollution since the early 2000s. The increase in environmental stochasticity is mainly associated with the dynamics of climate change. Based on these trends, we provide recommendations on how to improve the recovery process for endangered species. Delaney Costante Delaney Costante Temporal analysis of threats causing species endangerment in the U.S.  The U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA) was created to protect and recover imperiled species and the ecosystems upon which they depend. Imperiled species are federally listed as either threatened or endangered (T&E). The objectives of our study were to quantify how the number of threats impacting species at time of their listing has changed, and to evaluate how the occurrence of a given threat included in a listing decision changed between 1975 and 2016. We accessed Federal Register listing documents for all T&E species listed in the U.S. and its territories from 1975 through 2016 to develop a database of threats impacting federally listed species. We defined six threat categories and recorded the presence/absence of a given threat category for a given species. Threat categories included habitat modification, overutilization, pollution, species-species interaction, demographic stochasticity, and environmental stochasticity. On average, number of threats per listing decision increased by 1.17 threats per decade. Compared to 1975, we found that the top threat occurrence in 2016 was no longer dominated by habitat modification, but also included environmental stochasticity and species-species interaction. We found a significant decrease in threat occurrence for overutilization since 1975 and for demographic stochasticity and pollution since the early 2000s. The increase in environmental stochasticity is mainly associated with the dynamics of climate change. Based on these trends, we provide recommendations on how to improve the recovery process for endangered species.
Biology (BS) Biology Undergraduate Documenting Success: Recovery of Species From The Endangered Species Act In 2017, the current presidential administration proposed and implemented a number of changes in federal environmental policy, including proposed changes to the Endangered Species Act (ESA). These changes reflect a major goal of the current administration; promote economic growth by minimizing regulatory uncertainty. In certain regions of the U.S., the ESA impacts local economic and infrastructure development. In response, the current administration has recommended several amendments to the ESA including reduction of lawsuits, a cap on species listings and more involvement of states in the listing and recovery process. Based on a review of federal register delisting documents for recovered species, we outlined the associated costs and benefits to the administration's proposed amendments to the ESA. The goal of our analysis was to identify strategies that can reduce conflict between species conservation and economic growth. Recommended strategies include expediting the listing process for unprotected at risk species to expedite future recovery potential, provide economic incentives to working private landowners who manage for federally listed species, and have states and federal agencies work more closely to establish agreements and assurances in managing at risk and federally protected species.These recommendations help establish scientifically based bipartisan efforts to reduce the need for federal listing and expedite species recovery under the ESA. Carli Parenti Carli Parenti Documenting Success: Recovery of Species From The Endangered Species Act  In 2017, the current presidential administration proposed and implemented a number of changes in federal environmental policy, including proposed changes to the Endangered Species Act (ESA). These changes reflect a major goal of the current administration; promote economic growth by minimizing regulatory uncertainty. In certain regions of the U.S., the ESA impacts local economic and infrastructure development. In response, the current administration has recommended several amendments to the ESA including reduction of lawsuits, a cap on species listings and more involvement of states in the listing and recovery process. Based on a review of federal register delisting documents for recovered species, we outlined the associated costs and benefits to the administration's proposed amendments to the ESA. The goal of our analysis was to identify strategies that can reduce conflict between species conservation and economic growth. Recommended strategies include expediting the listing process for unprotected at risk species to expedite future recovery potential, provide economic incentives to working private landowners who manage for federally listed species, and have states and federal agencies work more closely to establish agreements and assurances in managing at risk and federally protected species.These recommendations help establish scientifically based bipartisan efforts to reduce the need for federal listing and expedite species recovery under the ESA.
Mathematics (BS) Mathematics Undergraduate Women Authors of Textbooks in Mathematics It appears that the majority of mathematicians who write textbooks for mathematics are men. The author investigates this situation by compiling a list of recent women authors of mathematics textbooks and the type of textbooks they have written. This data is accompanied by a brief history of women in mathematics. It is also compared to the number of male authors of mathematics textbooks. The author then presents her conclusions regarding the state of women authors of textbooks in mathematics. Brooke Dobbs Brooke Dobbs Women Authors of Textbooks in Mathematics  It appears that the majority of mathematicians who write textbooks for mathematics are men. The author investigates this situation by compiling a list of recent women authors of mathematics textbooks and the type of textbooks they have written. This data is accompanied by a brief history of women in mathematics. It is also compared to the number of male authors of mathematics textbooks. The author then presents her conclusions regarding the state of women authors of textbooks in mathematics.
Joseph, Wright, Applied Engineering & Technology Management (BS), Applied Engineering, Safety and Technology, Fiscal Strategy for Student Research Groups, , STEM research groups have a growing need to acquire financial sources due to their participation in conferences, development projects, and even competitions. Such groups need a strong fiscal plan to organize funds to fuel development. Sources for this funding may appear based on individual project needs, and as such the developers must keep an open mindset. This poster will detail several approaches to securing and managing funds of this type as well as analyzing a sample of research groups and their funding capabilities. Joseph Wright Fiscal Strategy for Student Research Groups  STEM research groups have a growing need to acquire financial sources due to their participation in conferences, development projects, and even competitions. Such groups need a strong fiscal plan to organize funds to fuel development. Sources for this funding may appear based on individual project needs, and as such the developers must keep an open mindset. This poster will detail several approaches to securing and managing funds of this type as well as analyzing a sample of research groups and their funding capabilities.
Nicole, Michels, Speech Communication (BS), Communication & Theatre, Locked Up: Communication Between Children with Incarcerated Parents, , My poster talks about the impact incarceration has on kids when their parents get sent away. It not only impacts them financially with one less parent to care for them, but mentally as well. Nicole Michels Locked Up: Communication Between Children with Incarcerated Parents  My poster talks about the impact incarceration has on kids when their parents get sent away. It not only impacts them financially with one less parent to care for them, but mentally as well.
Melody, Stahl, Music Education (BSE), Music, Music Therapy for Children Who Have Experienced Trauma; A Oral History Study, , This research study focuses on music therapy methods when working with children who have experienced trauma using oral history methodology with narrators in the field. This presentation will explore relevant literature related to music therapy and narrators' life history and current practices and methods. Narrators shared stories of hardships their clients have faced as well as the challenges and the joys of using music therapy with children who have experienced trauma. Melody Stahl Music Therapy for Children Who Have Experienced Trauma; A Oral History Study  This research study focuses on music therapy methods when working with children who have experienced trauma using oral history methodology with narrators in the field. This presentation will explore relevant literature related to music therapy and narrators' life history and current practices and methods. Narrators shared stories of hardships their clients have faced as well as the challenges and the joys of using music therapy with children who have experienced trauma.
Kiana, Corley, Music (BA), Music, "How could you possibly ask me to justify my self-identity;" An Oral History Study of Self-Identity among Professional Vocalists, , This research study looks at the relation between a vocalist and his/her self-identity. This oral history-based project includes interviews from professional vocalists, who shared their developmental journeys in music and self-identity. These narrators fit under a minority category, such as females and performers of color. This project focuses on elements such as assumptions of styles based on factors such as race, as well as how a singer's background affects their current musical aspirations. Some findings include a lack of connection between the current style of the performers and their musical surroundings during their childhood, as well as how their sense of self either negatively or positively contributed to their music as a whole. This presentation will explore literature related to self-identity in music performance, along with the possible issues with race and gender-based assumptions in the professional field of music. Kiana Corley "How could you possibly ask me to justify my self-identity;" An Oral History Study of Self-Identity among Professional Vocalists  This research study looks at the relation between a vocalist and his/her self-identity. This oral history-based project includes interviews from professional vocalists, who shared their developmental journeys in music and self-identity. These narrators fit under a minority category, such as females and performers of color. This project focuses on elements such as assumptions of styles based on factors such as race, as well as how a singer's background affects their current musical aspirations. Some findings include a lack of connection between the current style of the performers and their musical surroundings during their childhood, as well as how their sense of self either negatively or positively contributed to their music as a whole. This presentation will explore literature related to self-identity in music performance, along with the possible issues with race and gender-based assumptions in the professional field of music.
Joe, Codispoti, Music Education (BSE), Music, Learning the Language of the Jazz Vibraphone, , This research project will focus on jazz education through the study of a mallet instrument called the vibraphone. Most instructional texts focus on the study of theory, style, and great vibraphone players of the past. This project looks to explore how one can teach the "language" of jazz on a mallet instrument in a one on one setting. The project was done using an oral history methodology. Interviews with professional performers and educators of the vibraphone, in which they share their insights, will be a prime source of information. Articles and previous research will be considered to draw conclusions as well. Common practices and their relationship to the history of jazz will be analyzed and presented. Joe Codispoti Learning the Language of the Jazz Vibraphone  This research project will focus on jazz education through the study of a mallet instrument called the vibraphone. Most instructional texts focus on the study of theory, style, and great vibraphone players of the past. This project looks to explore how one can teach the "language" of jazz on a mallet instrument in a one on one setting. The project was done using an oral history methodology. Interviews with professional performers and educators of the vibraphone, in which they share their insights, will be a prime source of information. Articles and previous research will be considered to draw conclusions as well. Common practices and their relationship to the history of jazz will be analyzed and presented.
Erica, Lehman, Graduate Student, Nursing, Acne Vulgaris and Adult Women Treated with Oral Contraceptive Pills, , Acne vulgaris (acne) is often associated with the adolescent years of life, but adult acne has increasingly become the reason for many patients to seek a dermatological evaluation. Adult women are more likely to suffer from acne than adult men. Oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) are often prescribed to women who suffer from acne. The hormonal aspect of acne in females is the rationale for the use of OCPs as means of treatment. Combined oral contraceptives (COCs) is the preferred type of OCPs to treat acne. Within this integrative review, the effectiveness of OCPs in treating acne in adult women was examined. The data was analyzed in three groups: Formulary Focused Studies, Comparative Studies, and Combined Therapy Studies. After analyzing the data it was concluded that by cycle six, OCPs reduced acne lesions. Dissymmetry in the definition of acne, lack of skin care control, and inadequate representation of multiple races in subject selection affected the generalizability of the studies results. Contraindications to OCPs therapy was not consistently assessed. Many of the studies included within this integrative review were not only outdated, but also did not recommend a superior formulation of OCPs that treated acne , thus supporting the need for future research studies. Erica Lehman Acne Vulgaris and Adult Women Treated with Oral Contraceptive Pills  Acne vulgaris (acne) is often associated with the adolescent years of life, but adult acne has increasingly become the reason for many patients to seek a dermatological evaluation. Adult women are more likely to suffer from acne than adult men. Oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) are often prescribed to women who suffer from acne. The hormonal aspect of acne in females is the rationale for the use of OCPs as means of treatment. Combined oral contraceptives (COCs) is the preferred type of OCPs to treat acne. Within this integrative review, the effectiveness of OCPs in treating acne in adult women was examined. The data was analyzed in three groups: Formulary Focused Studies, Comparative Studies, and Combined Therapy Studies. After analyzing the data it was concluded that by cycle six, OCPs reduced acne lesions. Dissymmetry in the definition of acne, lack of skin care control, and inadequate representation of multiple races in subject selection affected the generalizability of the studies results. Contraindications to OCPs therapy was not consistently assessed. Many of the studies included within this integrative review were not only outdated, but also did not recommend a superior formulation of OCPs that treated acne , thus supporting the need for future research studies.
Erin, Jones, Meteorology (BS), Earth Science, Statistical Comparison and Simulations of Supercells in Environments with Varying Significant Tornado Parameters, , A Rapid Update Cycle-2 (RUC-2) dataset of proximity soundings from nontornadic and tornadic supercells was categorized based upon the following significant tornado parameter (STP) thresholds: STPs greater than 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, as well as STPs between 1 and 10, and between 5 and 10. Though in a forecasting setting STPs greater than 1 generally distinguish between nontornadic and significantly tornadic (F2 or greater) supercells, it was determined that 109 out of 443 nontornadic supercell cases in the database have an STP value greater than 1. This study applied the self-organizing map (SOM) statistical clustering technique to vertical profiles of four variables-temperature, dewpoint, and ground-relative u and v wind components- for each STP threshold. These SOMs were compared to others with only u and v wind components considered. Additionally, SOMs which were created after the data had been normalized by variable and height were compared to SOMs with unaltered data to determine if either was more effective at distinguishing between storm type. It was found that the wind-only and non-normalized SOMs slightly outperformed their counterparts. Composite near-storm environments from each node of the best-performing SOM with the STP threshold between 1 and 10 were then used as the base-states for a set of idealized numerical simulations of supercells to ascertain the extent to which characteristics of the resulting storms (e.g., updraft strength, near-ground vertical vorticity) resembled the primary storm type (tornadic or nontornadic) associated with each node. Erin Jones Statistical Comparison and Simulations of Supercells in Environments with Varying Significant Tornado Parameters  A Rapid Update Cycle-2 (RUC-2) dataset of proximity soundings from nontornadic and tornadic supercells was categorized based upon the following significant tornado parameter (STP) thresholds: STPs greater than 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, as well as STPs between 1 and 10, and between 5 and 10. Though in a forecasting setting STPs greater than 1 generally distinguish between nontornadic and significantly tornadic (F2 or greater) supercells, it was determined that 109 out of 443 nontornadic supercell cases in the database have an STP value greater than 1. This study applied the self-organizing map (SOM) statistical clustering technique to vertical profiles of four variables - temperature, dewpoint, and ground-relative u and v wind components - for each STP threshold. These SOMs were compared to others with only u and v wind components considered. Additionally, SOMs which were created after the data had been normalized by variable and height were compared to SOMs with unaltered data to determine if either was more effective at distinguishing between storm type. It was found that the wind-only and non-normalized SOMs slightly outperformed their counterparts. Composite near-storm environments from each node of the best-performing SOM with the STP threshold between 1 and 10 were then used as the base-states for a set of idealized numerical simulations of supercells to ascertain the extent to which characteristics of the resulting storms (e.g., updraft strength, near-ground vertical vorticity) resembled the primary storm type (tornadic or nontornadic) associated with each node.
Chantel, Jones, Sociology (BA), Sociology/Anthropology, Ethnic Experiences in Higher Education, , Our country's educational system is supposed to focus on helping the people residing in the United States to grow, learn, explore diverse people and experiences, and be granted more opportunities in life. In today's society having a college degree is important because it secures that a person will have a higher-level career and greater salaries. The access to higher education in America has changed, allowing all students to have the ability to go to college and obtain a degree. These three qualitative research methods were used to identity students of color, with a concentration within the immigrant and refugee community, to gain knowledge along with perspective on our students' adjustment and experiences at a predominately white university. Chantel Jones Ethnic Experiences in Higher Education  Our country's educational system is supposed to focus on helping the people residing in the United States to grow, learn, explore diverse people and experiences, and be granted more opportunities in life. In today's society having a college degree is important because it secures that a person will have a higher-level career and greater salaries. The access to higher education in America has changed, allowing all students to have the ability to go to college and obtain a degree. These three qualitative research methods were used to identity students of color, with a concentration within the immigrant and refugee community, to gain knowledge along with perspective on our students' adjustment and experiences at a predominately white university.
Maggie, Smith, Art (BA), Art & Design, 3D Printed Dress Exhibit, , Currently, I am a senior art major looking to go into the field of interior design at graduate school upon graduation. I am exploring new technologies and new forms of learning while building and expanding my portfolio. Upon doing so, I intend on completing a dress from a 3D printer. Each piece will be digitally modified and then printed through several 3D printers. Once printed, they will be constructed into one complete, cohesive dress. I would like to display the final constructed piece at Made in Millersville. Maggie Smith 3D Printed Dress Exhibit  Currently, I am a senior art major looking to go into the field of interior design at graduate school upon graduation. I am exploring new technologies and new forms of learning while building and expanding my portfolio. Upon doing so, I intend on completing a dress from a 3D printer. Each piece will be digitally modified and then printed through several 3D printers. Once printed, they will be constructed into one complete, cohesive dress. I would like to display the final constructed piece at Made in Millersville.
Agnes, Willoughby, Early Childhood Education (BSE), Early, Middle and Exceptional Education, , Fighting the Good Fight: Advocating for Students with Disabilities., Advocating for students with special needs in the school and community is an important role of the special education teacher. Negative attitudes and behaviors of typically developing peers toward their peers who have disabilities pose a challenge to positive school experiences. Even though there are legal mandates that protect the rights of individuals with disabilities (Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990) these rights cannot protect students from subtle bullying and discrimination from their peers. Current research suggest that teachers and students may have a level of negative attitudes towards students with disabilities in schools. (Sileo & Prater, 2015). These negative attitudes may result in bullying and added stress to the student with disabilities and parents. It is in this light that we discuss this issue as a round table, to advocate for students who have disabilities and their families, and also recommend some strategies that we might use as preservice teachers to promote cooperative interactions among students with disabilities and students without disabilities. In this presentation format, we offer a few suggestions for advocacy on the following discussion topics. 1) Collaboration 2) teacher empathy 3) Recognize biases 3) School policies 4) Cooperative learning. Agnes Willoughby Fighting the Good Fight: Advocating for Students with Disabilities. Advocating for students with special needs in the school and community is an important role of the special education teacher. Negative attitudes and behaviors of typically developing peers toward their peers who have disabilities pose a challenge to positive school experiences. Even though there are legal mandates that protect the rights of individuals with disabilities (Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990) these rights cannot protect students from subtle bullying and discrimination from their peers. Current research suggest that teachers and students may have a level of negative attitudes towards students with disabilities in schools. (Sileo & Prater, 2015). These negative attitudes may result in bullying and added stress to the student with disabilities and parents. It is in this light that we discuss this issue as a round table, to advocate for students who have disabilities and their families, and also recommend some strategies that we might use as preservice teachers to promote cooperative interactions among students with disabilities and students without disabilities. In this presentation format, we offer a few suggestions for advocacy on the following discussion topics. 1) Collaboration 2) teacher empathy 3) Recognize biases 3) School policies 4) Cooperative learning.
Rachel, Hentnick, Psychology (BA), Psychology, Personal Attitudes and Perceptions of Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol, Driving Under the Influence of Marijuana and Driving Under the Influence of Both Marijuana and Alcohol in Relation to Sensation-Seeking, , The goal of this study was to increase understanding on college students' personal attitudes and perceived peer approval of driving under the influence of alcohol (DUI-A), driving under the influence of marijuana (DUI-M), and driving under the influence of alcohol and marijuana (DUI-MA). In addition, the current study aimed to investigate the relationship between college student's personal attitudes and perceived peer approval of DUI in relation to the sensation-seeking personality trait. The current study involved 657 Millersville University undergraduate students who completed an online survey. The survey consisted of perceived approval of DUI, personal attitudes of DUI, and frequency of DUI and use of alcohol and marijuana questionnaires, as well as a variation of Zuckerman's Sensation-Seeking Scale. Statistical analysis indicated significant results for a majority of the proposed hypotheses. The results revealed participants personally approved of and perceived peers approved of DUI-M the most and DUI-MA the least, that there is a sex difference in personal attitudes towards DUI, and that there is a correlation between sensation-seeking and both personal approval of DUI and perceived peer approval of DUI-M. These findings support the outcomes of previous research on college students' perceptions of DUI. Rachel Hentnick Personal Attitudes and Perceptions of Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol, Driving Under the Influence of Marijuana and Driving Under the Influence of Both Marijuana and Alcohol in Relation to Sensation-Seeking  The goal of this study was to increase understanding on college students' personal attitudes and perceived peer approval of driving under the influence of alcohol (DUI-A), driving under the influence of marijuana (DUI-M), and driving under the influence of alcohol and marijuana (DUI-MA). In addition, the current study aimed to investigate the relationship between college student's personal attitudes and perceived peer approval of DUI in relation to the sensation-seeking personality trait. The current study involved 657 Millersville University undergraduate students who completed an online survey. The survey consisted of perceived approval of DUI, personal attitudes of DUI, and frequency of DUI and use of alcohol and marijuana questionnaires, as well as a variation of Zuckerman's Sensation-Seeking Scale. Statistical analysis indicated significant results for a majority of the proposed hypotheses. The results revealed participants personally approved of and perceived peers approved of DUI-M the most and DUI-MA the least, that there is a sex difference in personal attitudes towards DUI, and that there is a correlation between sensation-seeking and both personal approval of DUI and perceived peer approval of DUI-M. These findings support the outcomes of previous research on college students' perceptions of DUI.
Quinn, Minnich, Mathematics (BS), Mathematics, An A-infinity Coalgebra Structure on a Polygon, , Let $P$ be a polygon with $n$ vertices, let $V$ be the graded vector space generated by the vertices, edges, and region of $P$, and let $\partial:V\to V$ be the map induced by the geometric boundary. There is a homotopy coassociative coproduct $\Delta_2:V\to V\otimes V$, a \emph{coassociator} $\Delta_3:V\to V^{\otimes 3}$, and non-vanishing higher order operations $\Delta_k:V\to V^{\otimes k}$ for all $k<n$. The vector space $V$ together with $\partial$ and the operations $\{\Delta_k\}$ is an $A_{\infty}$\emph{-coalgebra}. To our knowledge, this project presents the first such family of examples. Quinn Minnich An A-infinity Coalgebra Structure on a Polygon  Let $P$ be a polygon with n vertices, let V be the graded vector space generated by the vertices, edges, and region of P, and let ∂: V → V be the map induced by the geometric boundary. There is a homotopy coassociative coproduct, ∆2:V → V · V, a coassociator ∆2: V → V · V, ∆3:V → V^·3, and non-vanishing higher order operations ∆k:V → V^·k for all k < n. The vector space V together with ∂ and the operations {∆k} is an A∞-coalgebra. To our knowledge, this project presents the first such family of examples.
Jacob, Robison, Applied Engineering & Technology (AT), Sociology/Anthropology, Beyond the 'Pale:' An Ethnography on the Rural Irish, , During a four month semester abroad in Limerick, Ireland, I investigated the claims of Ireland's rural collapse taking place outside the country's metropolitan capital: Dublin (historically referred to with some indignation as, "The Pale"). The bulk of my data collection consisted of ethnographic interviews with a sheep famer from County Mayo. Jacob Robison Beyond the 'Pale:' An Ethnography on the Rural Irish  During a four month semester abroad in Limerick, Ireland, I investigated the claims of Ireland's rural collapse taking place outside the country's metropolitan capital: Dublin (historically referred to with some indignation as, "The Pale"). The bulk of my data collection consisted of ethnographic interviews with a sheep famer from County Mayo.
Patrick, Roelant, Meteorology (BS), Earth Science, Atmospheric High Energy Radiation Profiles During a Coronal Mass Ejection, , We would launch a high altitude weather balloon to reach the upper atmosphere, carrying a radiation detection package to be able to see different variations in x-ray/gamma ray, UVA, and UVB. Launching while a detected Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) is approaching Earth would help see what radiation changes would affect the Earth's upper atmosphere and even items at lower levels. Coronal Mass Ejections are significant releases of plasma from the sun, which is made of high energy electrically charged particles. CME's can cause serious damage to satellites, power stations and lines, cell towers and many other objects that are radiation sensitive. We also plan to launch in a calm week to form a baseline of how radiation in the upper atmosphere is without a major solar event. Seeing how it changes from the baseline would tell us what it is made of and how badly different events would affect us. Knowing how the radiation varies with height would tell us where it is most dangerous to go. When a CME is detected the particles from it are slower than light and thus we would have time to predict when they should strike Earth's atmosphere and prepare a launch to observe them. Patrick Roelant Atmospheric High Energy Radiation Profiles During a Coronal Mass Ejection  We would launch a high altitude weather balloon to reach the upper atmosphere, carrying a radiation detection package to be able to see different variations in x-ray/gamma ray, UVA, and UVB. Launching while a detected Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) is approaching Earth would help see what radiation changes would affect the Earth's upper atmosphere and even items at lower levels. Coronal Mass Ejections are significant releases of plasma from the sun, which is made of high energy electrically charged particles. CME's can cause serious damage to satellites, power stations and lines, cell towers and many other objects that are radiation sensitive. We also plan to launch in a calm week to form a baseline of how radiation in the upper atmosphere is without a major solar event. Seeing how it changes from the baseline would tell us what it is made of and how badly different events would affect us. Knowing how the radiation varies with height would tell us where it is most dangerous to go. When a CME is detected the particles from it are slower than light and thus we would have time to predict when they should strike Earth's atmosphere and prepare a launch to observe them.
Alexis, Chin, German (BA), Foreign Languages, The Effect of Pedagogical Rules in the Acquisition of German Reflexive Verbs, , The usefulness of explicit grammar instruction and its place in the foreign language classroom have been widely debated with many experts' opinions on all sides of the spectrum. This study investigates the helpfulness of pedagogical grammar rules in the acquisition of reflexive verbs in German. The interesting aspects of reflexive verbs include their frequent usage in German, the lack of true reflexive verbs in English, and the common instruction of this grammatical structure in elementary German language classes. To investigate this question, an experiment was conducted. Before the unit about reflexive verbs, the students in an intermediate level German class took a pre-test to assess their prior knowledge. This pre-test tested the students' ability to use the reflexive verbs correctly with the given sentence fragment and picture prompts. The post-test consisted of two parts; the first part used the same structure as the pre-test, and the second part examined the students' knowledge of the pedagogical grammar rules from class. For the analysis, the data was analyzed on two different accounts. Firstly, a comparison between the results of the pre-test and post-test measured the gains in knowledge due to the instruction in class. Secondly, the data from the post-test was used to investigate whether or not there is a correlation between students' ability to use the reflexive verbs and to answer the grammar questions correctly. Finally, interviews with willing students were conducted to investigate what helps various students to learn a foreign language. Through this study, I hope to learn what helps students acquire a language. Alexis Chin The Effect of Pedagogical Rules in the Acquisition of German Reflexive Verbs  The usefulness of explicit grammar instruction and its place in the foreign language classroom have been widely debated with many experts' opinions on all sides of the spectrum. This study investigates the helpfulness of pedagogical grammar rules in the acquisition of reflexive verbs in German. The interesting aspects of reflexive verbs include their frequent usage in German, the lack of true reflexive verbs in English, and the common instruction of this grammatical structure in elementary German language classes. To investigate this question, an experiment was conducted. Before the unit about reflexive verbs, the students in an intermediate level German class took a pre-test to assess their prior knowledge. This pre-test tested the students' ability to use the reflexive verbs correctly with the given sentence fragment and picture prompts. The post-test consisted of two parts; the first part used the same structure as the pre-test, and the second part examined the students' knowledge of the pedagogical grammar rules from class. For the analysis, the data was analyzed on two different accounts. Firstly, a comparison between the results of the pre-test and post-test measured the gains in knowledge due to the instruction in class. Secondly, the data from the post-test was used to investigate whether or not there is a correlation between students' ability to use the reflexive verbs and to answer the grammar questions correctly. Finally, interviews with willing students were conducted to investigate what helps various students to learn a foreign language. Through this study, I hope to learn what helps students acquire a language.
Gabi, Minnich, Interactive & Graphic Design (BDES), Art & Design, Packaging Design, , This exhibit features my own take on modern packaging design. Since being enrolled in the design program at Millersville, I have had the opportunity to take a Packaging Design class as well as an Advanced Packaging design class. These classes, as well as my other core design classes, have prepared me to exhibit this piece in specific. It was originally created during my Fall semester in 2016, but has recently been revamped so that it can be applied to my final design portfolio. The piece itself is my creation of a beer that Victory Brewing Company could hypothetically make and distribute. Gabi Minnich Packaging Design  This exhibit features my own take on modern packaging design. Since being enrolled in the design program at Millersville, I have had the opportunity to take a Packaging Design class as well as an Advanced Packaging design class. These classes, as well as my other core design classes, have prepared me to exhibit this piece in specific. It was originally created during my Fall semester in 2016, but has recently been revamped so that it can be applied to my final design portfolio. The piece itself is my creation of a beer that Victory Brewing Company could hypothetically make and distribute.
Madeline, Giardina, English (BSE), English, , Susquehanna Stories, In the class Environmental Advocacy, Fall 2017, led by Dr. Justin Mando, I, along with the other students, constructed what we call "Susquehanna stories." These stories take the form of short fiction stories, non-fiction pieces, poetry, videography, and photography. All of these stories surround the various topics concerning the Susquehanna River including conservation issues, development issues, cultural and natural history, and recreational life. We would like to present at Made in Millersville what we have discovered about the River. We would like to be able to share with other faculty and students the new information we gathered and how we were able to view the river in a different way after the completion of our projects. Madeline Giardina  Susquehanna Stories In the class Environmental Advocacy, Fall 2017, led by Dr. Justin Mando, I, along with the other students, constructed what we call "Susquehanna stories." These stories take the form of short fiction stories, non-fiction pieces, poetry, videography, and photography. All of these stories surround the various topics concerning the Susquehanna River including conservation issues, development issues, cultural and natural history, and recreational life. We would like to present at Made in Millersville what we have discovered about the River. We would like to be able to share with other faculty and students the new information we gathered and how we were able to view the river in a different way after the completion of our projects.
Alexandra, Hartman, Art (BA), Art & Design, Mixed Media Exhibit, , 16"x20" Mixed media prints utilizing traditional illustration and Adobe photoshop. The subject matter is an abstract approach to portraiture of family pets. The goal is to create a work of art out of what could be somewhat mundane subject matter. Alexandra Hartman Mixed Media Exhibit  16"x20" Mixed media prints utilizing traditional illustration and Adobe photoshop. The subject matter is an abstract approach to portraiture of family pets. The goal is to create a work of art out of what could be somewhat mundane subject matter.
Amira, Price, Sociology (BA), Chemistry, A Look at Personal Exposure to Particulate Matter from Indoor Sources, , Exposure to particulate matter (PM) has many harmful health effects. The objective of this research was to examine how much exposure to PM one has during indoor activities and ways in which exposure can be remediated. To examine how much exposure one would have to particulates while performing activities at home, simulations were run of cooking, burning a candle, vacuuming, and ironing. A Nephelometer was used to measure light scattering during the performance of each activity and converted to a concentration of PM. Burning a candle was found to produce the largest amount of particulates, ranging from peak exposures of 9-136 g/m3. Methods for remediation of exposure were tested and resulted in mitigation to a range of 0-11 g/m3. The results of the simulations provide a look at the amount of PM one is exposed to while performing daily activities and the measures that can be taken to reduce exposure. Amira Price A Look at Personal Exposure to Particulate Matter from Indoor Sources  Exposure to particulate matter (PM) has many harmful health effects. The objective of this research was to examine how much exposure to PM one has during indoor activities and ways in which exposure can be remediated. To examine how much exposure one would have to particulates while performing activities at home, simulations were run of cooking, burning a candle, vacuuming, and ironing. A Nephelometer was used to measure light scattering during the performance of each activity and converted to a concentration of PM. Burning a candle was found to produce the largest amount of particulates, ranging from peak exposures of 9-136 g/m3. Methods for remediation of exposure were tested and resulted in mitigation to a range of 0-11 g/m3. The results of the simulations provide a look at the amount of PM one is exposed to while performing daily activities and the measures that can be taken to reduce exposure.
Kaylee, Herndon, Multidisciplinary Studies (BA), Multidisciplinary, 'A Different Space', , The work I will be presenting is a feature-style profile piece on Elizabethtown College's Writers House and its director, Jesse Waters. I would go over the story's content, the interviewing and writing process, and the design layout process in terms of layout for publication during the presentation. The story focuses on what the house is, how it connects with the local community and other Writers Houses, and some struggles it faces. The story itself features two side bar topics: "Meet the Director" (featuring both E-town and UPenn's directors) and "Behind the Scene at Bowers" (features three stories from some of his experiences with the speakers). The entire word count is approx. 3,552 words. I have copied the lead and nutgraf of the story below: "In three words!" Jesse Waters, director of Elizabethtown College's Bowers Writers House, repeated back at me incredulously before laughing at the seemingly pure impossibility of the task. As few as possible? Okay We were in a local coffee shop: Folklore Coffee & Company. Business was steady despite it being slightly after 8a.m. on a Friday morning. Sitting at the small high-top table against the light-bordered windows gave full view of the square on one side and an unobstructed view of the movie-worthy interior on the other. Of all places in the small town of Elizabethtown, this definitely qualified as a different space. It was not the space to which he would be referencing, but it is one of two places in this small town that writers gather to do their work. The other, Bowers Writers House, sits no more than a five minute drive from the coffee shop, tucked away on the perimeter of the Elizabethtown College campus. It is exactly what the name implies - a literal house; with a living room, kitchen, dining room, and full suite; where writers gather. Since the inaugural season in 2010, the now nearly eight year-old Writers House has already seen its fair share of speakers. The house is the newest one in the area, with some of its seniors - the Kelly Writers House and the Philadelphia Alumni Writers House - at University of Pennsylvania and Franklin & Marshall, respectively. Kaylee Herndon 'A Different Space'  The work I will be presenting is a feature-style profile piece on Elizabethtown College's Writers House and its director, Jesse Waters. I would go over the story's content, the interviewing and writing process, and the design layout process in terms of layout for publication during the presentation. The story focuses on what the house is, how it connects with the local community and other Writers Houses, and some struggles it faces. The story itself features two side bar topics: "Meet the Director" (featuring both E-town and UPenn's directors) and "Behind the Scene at Bowers" (features three stories from some of his experiences with the speakers). The entire word count is approx. 3,552 words. I have copied the lead and nutgraf of the story below: "In three words!" Jesse Waters, director of Elizabethtown College's Bowers Writers House, repeated back at me incredulously before laughing at the seemingly pure impossibility of the task. "As few as possible? Okay" We were in a local coffee shop: Folklore Coffee & Company. Business was steady despite it being slightly after 8a.m. on a Friday morning. Sitting at the small high-top table against the light-bordered windows gave full view of the square on one side and an unobstructed view of the movie-worthy interior on the other. Of all places in the small town of Elizabethtown, this definitely qualified as a different space. It was not the space to which he would be referencing, but it is one of two places in this small town that writers gather to do their work. The other, Bowers Writers House, sits no more than a five minute drive from the coffee shop, tucked away on the perimeter of the Elizabethtown College campus. It is exactly what the name implies - a literal house; with a living room, kitchen, dining room, and full suite; where writers gather. Since the inaugural season in 2010, the now nearly eight year-old Writers House has already seen its fair share of speakers. The house is the newest one in the area, with some of its seniors - the Kelly Writers House and the Philadelphia Alumni Writers House - at University of Pennsylvania and Franklin & Marshall, respectively.
Joy, Thames, Chemistry (BS), Chemistry, Imine Library Synthesis via Solvent-Free Reactions, , We have initiated studies to expand the scope of Touchette's solvent-free imine formation reaction between ortho-vanillin and para-toluidine. These reactions are cost efficient and exhibit green chemistry properties. The primary goal of this project is to synthesize and characterize a variety of imines. We are taking two related approaches to this study: imine synthesis via para-toluidine and a library of substituted salicylaldehydes or imine synthesis via ortho-vanillin and a library of substituted anilines. Previous studies on structurally similar imine ligands' and their bidentate metal complexes' have revealed multiple biological activities for this class of molecules, including bactericidal properties. We hope to further explore the antibacterial properties of new all compounds produced from our synthetic work. Future studies also include reductive amination of the synthesized imines. Joy Thames Imine Library Synthesis via Solvent-Free Reactions  We have initiated studies to expand the scope of Touchette's solvent-free imine formation reaction between ortho-vanillin and para-toluidine. These reactions are cost efficient and exhibit green chemistry properties. The primary goal of this project is to synthesize and characterize a variety of imines. We are taking two related approaches to this study: imine synthesis via para-toluidine and a library of substituted salicylaldehydes or imine synthesis via ortho-vanillin and a library of substituted anilines. Previous studies on structurally similar imine ligands' and their bidentate metal complexes' have revealed multiple biological activities for this class of molecules, including bactericidal properties. We hope to further explore the antibacterial properties of new all compounds produced from our synthetic work. Future studies also include reductive amination of the synthesized imines.
Kristin, Hellman, Early Childhood Education (BSE), Early, Middle and Exceptional Education, Airports, Cars, and Boxes: The Portrayal of Poverty in Children's Books, , In this hands on session..... 1)We will contextualize the available children's literature featuring poverty. 2)We will examine children's literature featuring common themes connected to the representation of poverty and homelessness. 3)We will explore the portrayal of poverty in children's books and offer opportunities for dialogue. Kristin Hellman Airports, Cars, and Boxes: The Portrayal of Poverty in Children's Books  In this hands on session..... 1)We will contextualize the available children's literature featuring poverty. 2)We will examine children's literature featuring common themes connected to the representation of poverty and homelessness. 3)We will explore the portrayal of poverty in children's books and offer opportunities for dialogue.
Alyssa, Cannistraci, Meteorology (BS), Earth Science, Biases and Heuristics in Tornado Warning Response, , A wide body of literature across numerous academic disciplines describes the difficulty people face when attempting to accurately predict future events as well as make judgements based on those predictions. Doing so requires a keen ability to formulate independent and unbiased decisions despite uncertainties that might be present. Decision making is of utmost importance throughout the weather enterprise. Thus, there is a foundational relationship between cognition, behavioral psychology, decision support services, risk management, and atmospheric science. This paper aims to inform the connection between social science and meteorology by determining if there is evidence of cognitive biases and heuristics in tornado warning response. Topics analyzed include the Gambler's Fallacy and the Hot-Hand Fallacy in relation to how individuals responded to experimental tornado situations. Statistical analysis was then performed to explore the degree to which these fallacies were present. Ultimately, a discussion about this research's significance to the weather enterprise as well as society as a whole-will be addressed. Alyssa Cannistraci Biases and Heuristics in Tornado Warning Response  A wide body of literature across numerous academic disciplines describes the difficulty people face when attempting to accurately predict future events as well as make judgements based on those predictions. Doing so requires a keen ability to formulate independent and unbiased decisions despite uncertainties that might be present. Decision making is of utmost importance throughout the weather enterprise. Thus, there is a foundational relationship between cognition, behavioral psychology, decision support services, risk management, and atmospheric science. This paper aims to inform the connection between social science and meteorology by determining if there is evidence of cognitive biases and heuristics in tornado warning response. Topics analyzed include the Gambler's Fallacy and the Hot-Hand Fallacy in relation to how individuals responded to experimental tornado situations. Statistical analysis was then performed to explore the degree to which these fallacies were present. Ultimately, a discussion about this research's significance to the weather enterprise-as well as society as a whole-will be addressed.
Aubrey, Davis, Chemistry (BS), Chemistry, , ,  Aubrey Davis
Christa, Gonzales, Chemistry (BS), Chemistry, Detection of Lead in Drinking Water Using Modified Gold Nanoparticles and Ultraviolet-Visible Spectroscopy, , Heavy metals, such as lead are found at hazardous levels in water sources across the world. Lead finds its way into water sources from old pipes, paints, gasoline, and other consumer products. When lead enters the body, it causes brain and nervous system damage, and in extreme cases, can be fatal. Lead contamination in drinking water is prevalent around the world, with millions of people being exposed to toxic levels every day. This project will use ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy in combination with modified gold nanoparticles as a simple, quick method to detect low levels of lead in water. Christa Gonzales Detection of Lead in Drinking Water Using Modified Gold Nanoparticles and Ultraviolet-Visible Spectroscopy  Heavy metals, such as lead are found at hazardous levels in water sources across the world. Lead finds its way into water sources from old pipes, paints, gasoline, and other consumer products. When lead enters the body, it causes brain and nervous system damage, and in extreme cases, can be fatal. Lead contamination in drinking water is prevalent around the world, with millions of people being exposed to toxic levels every day. This project will use ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy in combination with modified gold nanoparticles as a simple, quick method to detect low levels of lead in water.
John-Paul, Marrazzo, Chemistry (BS), Chemistry, Expanding the Green Scope of Pentaerythritol Acetal Formation, , Acetals are germinal diether derivatives of aldehydes formed by the reaction of an aldehyde with two alcohols. Collard et al. have shown that by utilizing temperature control, benzaldehyde and pentaerythritol, when mixed in water with catalytic acid, can selectively form monoacetal derivatives. The goal of our project is to expand the substrate scope of this monoacetal selective reaction to synthesize new monoacetals and to define their structure using 2D NMR techniques. Acetals similar to our target monoacetal products are used in a variety of synthetic applications. They have served as alcohol protecting groups in route to polymer-based adhesives and synthetic glycodendrimers for nanomedicine applications in drug delivery and vaccines. Our work should help to broaden the synthetic utility of this user-friendly and environmentally benign reaction. It is also hoped that this work will produce starting material for multistep synthesis routes optimized for use in advanced-level undergraduate teaching laboratories. Preliminary results based on studies using the NMR internal standard dimethyl sulfoxide indicate that many substituted benzaldehydes will provide a level of selective monoacetal formation. John-Paul Marrazzo Expanding the Green Scope of Pentaerythritol Acetal Formation  Acetals are germinal diether derivatives of aldehydes formed by the reaction of an aldehyde with two alcohols. Collard et al. have shown that by utilizing temperature control, benzaldehyde and pentaerythritol, when mixed in water with catalytic acid, can selectively form monoacetal derivatives. The goal of our project is to expand the substrate scope of this monoacetal selective reaction to synthesize new monoacetals and to define their structure using 2D NMR techniques. Acetals similar to our target monoacetal products are used in a variety of synthetic applications. They have served as alcohol protecting groups in route to polymer-based adhesives and synthetic glycodendrimers for nanomedicine applications in drug delivery and vaccines. Our work should help to broaden the synthetic utility of this user-friendly and environmentally benign reaction. It is also hoped that this work will produce starting material for multistep synthesis routes optimized for use in advanced-level undergraduate teaching laboratories. Preliminary results based on studies using the NMR internal standard dimethyl sulfoxide indicate that many substituted benzaldehydes will provide a level of selective monoacetal formation.
Stephanie, Sowers, Applied Disability Studies, Educational Foundations, Discrimination and Hidden Disabilities, , Living with a hidden disability brings unwanted and sometimes shocking social encounters. From questions of what is wrong with you to very personal inquiries into ones life. People of privilege, who are able bodied, often have the idea that they may assume and ask anything and a person with a hidden disability is obligated to respond. This presentation and media testimony is founded on why people feel entitled to be personal with strangers when a hidden disability is involved. The demonstrated discrimination experienced is revealed and considered during a visual, experiential and conversational approach to understanding. Using review of the literature and grounded theory the creator has developed themes to live by regarding living with a hidden disability. Stephanie Sowers Discrimination and Hidden Disabilities  Living with a hidden disability brings unwanted and sometimes shocking social encounters. From questions of what is wrong with you to very personal inquiries into ones life. People of privilege, who are able bodied, often have the idea that they may assume and ask anything and a person with a hidden disability is obligated to respond. This presentation and media testimony is founded on why people feel entitled to be personal with strangers when a hidden disability is involved. The demonstrated discrimination experienced is revealed and considered during a visual, experiential and conversational approach to understanding. Using review of the literature and grounded theory the creator has developed themes to live by regarding living with a hidden disability.
David, Owen, Faculty, Government and Political Affairs, , Social and Economic Inequality across Eurasia, This panel will address issues of social and economic inequality across Eurasia. The first study investigates the relationship between the environmental consequences of economic development and the formation of social attitudes in China. The second study investigates the relationship between economic development and the movement away from collectivism in China and Japan. The third study investigates the concept of socioeconomic mobility in the three autocratic periods of Russia: Tsarist Russia, Soviet Union, and modern Russia. The final study investigates German perceptions of prostitution using the cases of Germany and Thailand. David Owen Social and Economic Inequality across Eurasia This panel will address issues of social and economic inequality across Eurasia. The first study investigates the relationship between the environmental consequences of economic development and the formation of social attitudes in China. The second study investigates the relationship between economic development and the movement away from collectivism in China and Japan. The third study investigates the concept of socioeconomic mobility in the three autocratic periods of Russia: Tsarist Russia, Soviet Union, and modern Russia. The final study investigates German perceptions of prostitution using the cases of Germany and Thailand.
Bryce, Rinehart, English (BSE), English, Student Perceptions of Student Driven Inquiry Projects, , The purpose of this study is to gain an understanding of students' perspectives on their motivation during an IBL project, in order to enhance educators' understanding of how inquiry-based learning, especially student driven inquiry, can function within the classroom to address students' need for autonomy, competence, and relatedness as they work. Additionally, more general questions about students' perceptions of SDI projects will also be addressed, so that educators might better understand students' attitudes towards these projects in general, and so specific topics that might warrant further research can be discovered. Bryce Rinehart Student Perceptions of Student Driven Inquiry Projects  The purpose of this study is to gain an understanding of students' perspectives on their motivation during an IBL project, in order to enhance educators' understanding of how inquiry-based learning, especially student driven inquiry, can function within the classroom to address students' need for autonomy, competence, and relatedness as they work. Additionally, more general questions about students' perceptions of SDI projects will also be addressed, so that educators might better understand students' attitudes towards these projects in general, and so specific topics that might warrant further research can be discovered.
Liam, Schroeder, Chemistry (BS), Chemistry, Improving the Mechanical Properties of Poly- _ -Valerolactone Through Aryl Ring Stacking and Hydrogen Bonding Interactions, , Petroleum-based, non-biodegradable plastics, such as LDPE, HDPE, and PETE, are used in storage containers, chairs, water bottles, grocery bags, fuel tanks, car parts, prosthetics and many other applications. They are ideal because they are stable, chemically inert, and strong. However, petroleumbased plastics are bad for the environment because, on average, it takes between 10 to 450 years for decomposition. Due to their durable properties, they can absorb, concentrate, and transport pollutants in the environment; threatening the natural flora and fauna. Biodegradable plastics are a growing field of interest as a means to replace these petroleum-based plastics. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) integrate oxygen into the polymer hydrocarbon backbone, which allows it to biodegrade when exposed to three notable bacteria strains; Bacillus sp. IBP-V002, Entrobacter cloacae sp. IBP-V001, and Gracilibacillus sp. IBP-V003. The problem with PHA is that they possess weak intermolecular forces, which leads to a brittle plastic. The integration of oxygen into the polymer backbone renders them vulnerable to certain enzymes. The modification of _-Valerolactone, by _-substitution with aryl rings, will produce a monomer that will impart more ordered structure to the polymer sample. This increased order will cause the mechanical properties of the polymer to increase and produce a strong biodegradable polymer that can be used in place of commonly used plastics, but which possesses a smaller environmental footprint. Liam Schroeder Improving the Mechanical Properties of Poly- _ -Valerolactone Through Aryl Ring Stacking and Hydrogen Bonding Interactions  Petroleum-based, non-biodegradable plastics, such as LDPE, HDPE, and PETE, are used in storage containers, chairs, water bottles, grocery bags, fuel tanks, car parts, prosthetics and many other applications. They are ideal because they are stable, chemically inert, and strong. However, petroleumbased plastics are bad for the environment because, on average, it takes between 10 to 450 years for decomposition. Due to their durable properties, they can absorb, concentrate, and transport pollutants in the environment; threatening the natural flora and fauna. Biodegradable plastics are a growing field of interest as a means to replace these petroleum-based plastics. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) integrate oxygen into the polymer hydrocarbon backbone, which allows it to biodegrade when exposed to three notable bacteria strains; Bacillus sp. IBP-V002, Entrobacter cloacae sp. IBP-V001, and Gracilibacillus sp. IBP-V003. The problem with PHA is that they possess weak intermolecular forces, which leads to a brittle plastic. The integration of oxygen into the polymer backbone renders them vulnerable to certain enzymes. The modification of _-Valerolactone, by _-substitution with aryl rings, will produce a monomer that will impart more ordered structure to the polymer sample. This increased order will cause the mechanical properties of the polymer to increase and produce a strong biodegradable polymer that can be used in place of commonly used plastics, but which possesses a smaller environmental footprint.
Jeremy, Garling, Economics (BA), Economics, Impact of Sunk Costs on Consumer Decision Making, , Sunk costs are costs that can not be recovered once they are spent. The sunk cost effect is the effect where people are more likely to reinvest into something that they have already put time or money into because they do not want to admit that they were wrong. My thesis looks at comparing a price club to other shops and seeing if subjects can correctly choose which option is the best for them every round. Jeremy Garling Impact of Sunk Costs on Consumer Decision Making  Sunk costs are costs that can not be recovered once they are spent. The sunk cost effect is the effect where people are more likely to reinvest into something that they have already put time or money into because they do not want to admit that they were wrong. My thesis looks at comparing a price club to other shops and seeing if subjects can correctly choose which option is the best for them every round.
Gillian, Good, Chemistry (BS), Chemistry, EXPLORING THE REGIOSELECTIVE DIELS-ALDER REACTION SCOPE OF 1,4-NAPHTHOQUINONES, , Altersolanol P (AP), a new member of the altersolanol family of compounds, is the inspiration for multiple synthetic studies in our laboratory. The altersolanols, and structurally similar compounds, exhibit antibacterial activity. Recently, we reported our work toward the regioselective synthesis of intermediates en route to altersolanol derivatives via lewis acid catalyzed Diels-Alder reactions of the natural products isoprene and Juglone (5-hydroxy-1,4-naphthalenedione). Epoxidation or dihydroxylation of the resulting adducts is expected to provide a small library of altersolanol derivatives for antibacterial testing. To further expand the molecular diversity of our library, in this study, we will explore the reactivity of 1,4-Naphthoquinone dienophiles with dienes, such as (2E,4E)-2,4-Hexadienyl acetate and 2,4-Hexadien-1-ol. We eventually hope to substitute Juglone (5-hydroxy-1,4-naphthalenedione) for 1,4-Naphtoquinone to explore regioselectivity of the Diels-Alder reaction. New compounds will be tested for antibacterial activity. Gillian Good EXPLORING THE REGIOSELECTIVE DIELS-ALDER REACTION SCOPE OF 1,4-NAPHTHOQUINONES  Altersolanol P (AP), a new member of the altersolanol family of compounds, is the inspiration for multiple synthetic studies in our laboratory. The altersolanols, and structurally similar compounds, exhibit antibacterial activity. Recently, we reported our work toward the regioselective synthesis of intermediates en route to altersolanol derivatives via lewis acid catalyzed Diels-Alder reactions of the natural products isoprene and Juglone (5-hydroxy-1,4-naphthalenedione). Epoxidation or dihydroxylation of the resulting adducts is expected to provide a small library of altersolanol derivatives for antibacterial testing. To further expand the molecular diversity of our library, in this study, we will explore the reactivity of 1,4-Naphthoquinone dienophiles with dienes, such as (2E,4E)-2,4-Hexadienyl acetate and 2,4-Hexadien-1-ol. We eventually hope to substitute Juglone (5-hydroxy-1,4-naphthalenedione) for 1,4-Naphtoquinone to explore regioselectivity of the Diels-Alder reaction. New compounds will be tested for antibacterial activity.
Corie, Mellinger, Biology (BS), Biology, Morphological Analysis of Electroreceptive Organs in the elephantfish, Callorhinchus milii (Chondrichthyes; Chimaeriformes), , Electroreception is a unique sensory modality found in many fishes, particularly the Chondrichthyan fishes (sharks, skates, rays and ratfishes). Among Chondrichthyes, the ratfishes are the least understood and in particular the morphology and function of electroreceptors in this group of fishes is relatively unstudied. It has been assumed that the pits and pores covering the head, snout, and "plow" are all ampullae of Lorenzini; however, the pits and pores appear to have different morphologies. We hypothesize that 1) The ampullae of Lorenzini on the head and snout of C. milii are different morphologically and 2) C. milii may possess two different types of ampullae of Lorenzini. These morphological differences may indicate different electrical detection capabilities with possible differences in function, specifically related to detection of their prey. Corie Mellinger Morphological Analysis of Electroreceptive Organs in the elephantfish, Callorhinchus milii (Chondrichthyes; Chimaeriformes)  Electroreception is a unique sensory modality found in many fishes, particularly the Chondrichthyan fishes (sharks, skates, rays and ratfishes). Among Chondrichthyes, the ratfishes are the least understood and in particular the morphology and function of electroreceptors in this group of fishes is relatively unstudied. It has been assumed that the pits and pores covering the head, snout, and "plow" are all ampullae of Lorenzini; however, the pits and pores appear to have different morphologies. We hypothesize that 1) The ampullae of Lorenzini on the head and snout of C. milii are different morphologically and 2) C. milii may possess two different types of ampullae of Lorenzini. These morphological differences may indicate different electrical detection capabilities with possible differences in function, specifically related to detection of their prey.
Caleb, Corkery, Faculty, English, , Hip Hop: Integration & Exploitation, Student presenters will use intersectional feminist theory to analyze contemporary hip hop. Caleb Corkery  Hip Hop: Integration & Exploitation Student presenters will use intersectional feminist theory to analyze contemporary hip hop.
Natalie, Sukanick, Chemistry (BS), Chemistry, Covalent Organic Framework, , Bonding organic molecular building blocks by strong covalent bonds, such as imine linkages, to make crystals of 2- and 3-D extended structures, produces several new classes of porous materials called covalent organic frameworks (COFs). The construction of porous COFs has gained much attention due to the infinite applications for these species. COF possess low density, large surface area, and tunable pore size and structure. These features play a key role in maximizing the use of COFs for gas trapping, storing, and adsorption ability. This project proposes the synthesis of new classes of COF networks for basic research application. Primarily, we are interested in constructing regioregular, large COF and characterizing them by powder X-ray diffraction, solid-state spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis. Natalie Sukanick Covalent Organic Framework  Bonding organic molecular building blocks by strong covalent bonds, such as imine linkages, to make crystals of 2- and 3-D extended structures, produces several new classes of porous materials called covalent organic frameworks (COFs). The construction of porous COFs has gained much attention due to the infinite applications for these species. COF possess low density, large surface area, and tunable pore size and structure. These features play a key role in maximizing the use of COFs for gas trapping, storing, and adsorption ability. This project proposes the synthesis of new classes of COF networks for basic research application. Primarily, we are interested in constructing regioregular, large COF and characterizing them by powder X-ray diffraction, solid-state spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis.
Seth, Martin, Biology (BS), Biology, Multipotency of Trunk Neural Crest Cells in Trachemys scripta, , The ventral part of the turtle shell (the plastron) comprises several bony plates formed by intramembranous ossification, the same process that produces many of the bones of the skull. Several anterior skull bones and facial structures are produced by a population of migrating, multipotent cells originating from the developing central nervous system, known as neural crest cells (NCCs). Previous research has demonstrated that trunk NCCs, arising from the developing spinal cord instead of the brain, migrate in two distinct waves in turtle embryos. This experiment tested the hypothesis that the second wave of trunk NCCs in turtle embryos is capable of differentiating into bone. Turtle (T. scripta) NCCs were isolated and allowed to differentiate, and the resulting cell types were analyzed with bright field microscopy and immunofluorescence. The fraction that produced typical NCC-derived cells (i.e. pigment cells) was compared to the fraction that produced osteoblasts. Our results suggest that the late trunk NCCs are predisposed to differentiate into osteoblasts, and thus provide good candidates for the cells that form the plastron. Craniosynostosis is a common human developmental deformity involving premature fusion of the calvarial sutures. A better understanding of intramembranous ossification, and analysis of an enriched population of osteogenic NCCs, could result in improved treatment options. Seth Martin Multipotency of Trunk Neural Crest Cells in Trachemys scripta  The ventral part of the turtle shell (the plastron) comprises several bony plates formed by intramembranous ossification, the same process that produces many of the bones of the skull. Several anterior skull bones and facial structures are produced by a population of migrating, multipotent cells originating from the developing central nervous system, known as neural crest cells (NCCs). Previous research has demonstrated that trunk NCCs, arising from the developing spinal cord instead of the brain, migrate in two distinct waves in turtle embryos. This experiment tested the hypothesis that the second wave of trunk NCCs in turtle embryos is capable of differentiating into bone. Turtle (T. scripta) NCCs were isolated and allowed to differentiate, and the resulting cell types were analyzed with bright field microscopy and immunofluorescence. The fraction that produced typical NCC-derived cells (i.e. pigment cells) was compared to the fraction that produced osteoblasts. Our results suggest that the late trunk NCCs are predisposed to differentiate into osteoblasts, and thus provide good candidates for the cells that form the plastron. Craniosynostosis is a common human developmental deformity involving premature fusion of the calvarial sutures. A better understanding of intramembranous ossification, and analysis of an enriched population of osteogenic NCCs, could result in improved treatment options.
Nicholas, Bozzelli, Applied Engineering & Technology Management (BS), Applied Engineering, Safety and Technology, Enacting Active Compliant Visual Robotic Control: Setup, Configuration, and Applications, , Industrial robotics play a vital role in automated systems, and sensory perception is critical to the advancement of this sophisticated technology. Vision systems combined with industrial robotics yield much more versatility and functionality increasing the usefulness of the industrial robot in manufacturing. The presentation will focus on the integration of a premier vision system with a typical industrial robotic arm. Configuration of the hardware and software will be discussed, along with some sample applications for enacting active compliant visual robotic control. Nicholas Bozzelli Enacting Active Compliant Visual Robotic Control: Setup, Configuration, and Applications  Industrial robotics play a vital role in automated systems, and sensory perception is critical to the advancement of this sophisticated technology. Vision systems combined with industrial robotics yield much more versatility and functionality increasing the usefulness of the industrial robot in manufacturing. The presentation will focus on the integration of a premier vision system with a typical industrial robotic arm. Configuration of the hardware and software will be discussed, along with some sample applications for enacting active compliant visual robotic control.
Taylor, Payne, Social Studies Education (BSE), History, Harry Hamilton Laughlin: Crusader for the Eugenic Cause, , Harry Hamilton Laughlin was a prominent eugenicist during the early to mid twentieth century. It was due in part to his diligence and effort that eugenic sterilization and institutionalization flourished throughout the first half of the twentieth century. This paper explores Laughlin's effect on the eugenics movement, as well as his role in bridging American eugenic ideals and Nazi social policy. Taylor Payne Harry Hamilton Laughlin: Crusader for the Eugenic Cause  Harry Hamilton Laughlin was a prominent eugenicist during the early to mid twentieth century. It was due in part to his diligence and effort that eugenic sterilization and institutionalization flourished throughout the first half of the twentieth century. This paper explores Laughlin's effect on the eugenics movement, as well as his role in bridging American eugenic ideals and Nazi social policy.
Caleb, Corkery, Faculty, English, Spoken Words, , Spoken word performers from campus present their work. Caleb Corkery Spoken Words  Spoken word performers from campus present their work.
Lauren, Cameron, Graduate Student, History, "The Sympathy of the People of These Islands is Almost Entirely with Them and Their Cause:" Charles Maxwell Allen in the Heart of Bermuda's Confederate Sympathizers, , During the American Civil War, Bermuda played a surprising double role in support of the Confederate States. It not only aided the Confederacy in running the Union-imposed blockade by transmitting goods between the South and Europe as a neutral port, but the island also became a haven for Confederate ships and an asylum for Confederate officers and their families. Charles Maxwell Allen, the U.S. Consul at Bermuda, was tasked with informing the Federal government of all Confederate activities on the island--and as a Unionist was met with great hostility while stationed there. My research focuses on the role Allen played in Bermuda as he represented the Union in the heart of a community of Confederate sympathizers. But because Allen cannot be studied in isolation, my research also focuses on the relationships among Allen and other members of the Bermudian and British elite. These notable figures are Harry St. Georges Ord, the governor of Bermuda and Confederate sympathizer, Confederates Georgiana Walker and her husband, CSA agent, Major Norman Walker, both were part of high society in Bermuda. Next is Rose O'Neal Greenhow, a spy for the Confederates who traveled to Britain to promote the Southern cause and also a good friend of Georgiana Walker. And lastly, Admiral Alexander Milne, the Admiral stationed in Bermuda whose duty was to uphold the Neutrality Act that Britain had declared at the start of the war. He also sympathized with the plight of the Union to enforce the blockade. Lauren Cameron "The Sympathy of the People of These Islands is Almost Entirely with Them and Their Cause:" Charles Maxwell Allen in the Heart of Bermuda's Confederate Sympathizers  During the American Civil War, Bermuda played a surprising double role in support of the Confederate States. It not only aided the Confederacy in running the Union-imposed blockade by transmitting goods between the South and Europe as a neutral port, but the island also became a haven for Confederate ships and an asylum for Confederate officers and their families. Charles Maxwell Allen, the U.S. Consul at Bermuda, was tasked with informing the Federal government of all Confederate activities on the island--and as a Unionist was met with great hostility while stationed there. My research focuses on the role Allen played in Bermuda as he represented the Union in the heart of a community of Confederate sympathizers. But because Allen cannot be studied in isolation, my research also focuses on the relationships among Allen and other members of the Bermudian and British elite. These notable figures are Harry St. Georges Ord, the governor of Bermuda and Confederate sympathizer, Confederates Georgiana Walker and her husband-CSA agent-Major Norman Walker, both were part of high society in Bermuda. Next is Rose O'Neal Greenhow, a spy for the Confederates who traveled to Britain to promote the Southern cause and also a good friend of Georgiana Walker. And lastly, Admiral Alexander Milne, the Admiral stationed in Bermuda whose duty was to uphold the Neutrality Act that Britain had declared at the start of the war. He also sympathized with the plight of the Union to enforce the blockade.
Amber, Liggett, Meteorology (BS), Earth Science, Building a Weather-Ready Nation through the Integration of Communication and Education, , Daily weather prediction and the issuance of watches and warnings are the basis for keeping the public safe from weather, water and climate hazards, but are not enough on their own. Equally important is how these hazards are communicated to the public, spurring life saving actions. Without adequate communication of science and safety, the devout work of meteorologists and other scientists will not be effectively received by these intended audiences. The role of the National Weather Service (NWS) Communications Office is to create science and safety information for national, regional and local NWS office use, and to educate the general public in effective and engaging ways in order to build a Weather-Ready Nation (WRN). Educating individuals of all ages about weather, water, and climate phenomena and how to remain safe from their hazards is a key component toward protecting life and property. This project supports that NWS mission through the integration of communication and education. New tools were created as a result of this project, allowing for a greater public outreach, ensuring more citizens are weather-ready. The WRN initiative was strengthened as these resources were disseminated through various platforms including print, web, video, and social media. To showcase the education and outreach materials created, both by the Communications Office and this project, social media campaigns were developed to captivate and educate a greater audience. These communication and educational efforts are crucial pieces in the greater WRN initiative to increase public awareness, safety, and preparedness of weather, water and climate hazards. Amber Liggett Building a Weather-Ready Nation through the Integration of Communication and Education  Daily weather prediction and the issuance of watches and warnings are the basis for keeping the public safe from weather, water and climate hazards, but are not enough on their own. Equally important is how these hazards are communicated to the public, spurring life saving actions. Without adequate communication of science and safety, the devout work of meteorologists and other scientists will not be effectively received by these intended audiences. The role of the National Weather Service (NWS) Communications Office is to create science and safety information for national, regional and local NWS office use, and to educate the general public in effective and engaging ways in order to build a Weather-Ready Nation (WRN). Educating individuals of all ages about weather, water, and climate phenomena and how to remain safe from their hazards is a key component toward protecting life and property. This project supports that NWS mission through the integration of communication and education. New tools were created as a result of this project, allowing for a greater public outreach, ensuring more citizens are weather-ready. The WRN initiative was strengthened as these resources were disseminated through various platforms including print, web, video, and social media. To showcase the education and outreach materials created, both by the Communications Office and this project, social media campaigns were developed to captivate and educate a greater audience. These communication and educational efforts are crucial pieces in the greater WRN initiative to increase public awareness, safety, and preparedness of weather, water and climate hazards.
Alyssa, Bingaman, Early Childhood Education (BSE), Early, Middle and Exceptional Education, Best Practices for Working With Twice-Exceptional Students with Learning Disabilities, , This literature review analyzes best practices and foci of working with students who are identified as twice-exceptional. In this review, the term "twice-exceptional" refers to students who are identified with both a learning disability, as well as giftedness. The purpose of this review is to provide educators with a more well-rounded understanding of how to meet their educational needs through programs and best practices. These articles provided several themes: (1) using models of differentiated instruction as well as multiple intelligence approaches, (2) developing student academic self-concept and self-efficacy, (3) underrepresented students in gifted programs, and (4) challenges and strategies in the school environment. Alyssa Bingaman Best Practices for Working With Twice-Exceptional Students with Learning Disabilities  This literature review analyzes best practices and foci of working with students who are identified as twice-exceptional. In this review, the term "twice-exceptional" refers to students who are identified with both a learning disability, as well as giftedness. The purpose of this review is to provide educators with a more well-rounded understanding of how to meet their educational needs through programs and best practices. These articles provided several themes: (1) using models of differentiated instruction as well as multiple intelligence approaches, (2) developing student academic self-concept and self-efficacy, (3) underrepresented students in gifted programs, and (4) challenges and strategies in the school environment.
Rose, Fisher, German (BA), Foreign Languages, Single Oral Presentation, , I am a native speaker of Pennsylvania Dutch (also known as Pennsylvania German or the language of the Amish) which is a dialect of German that is not mutually intelligible with it. I am studying Standard German here at Millersville. This gives me the unique opportunity to compare the two. Adjective endings are a component of grammar in which an ending is added onto each adjective based on the number, gender, and case of the noun it describes. This component does not exist in English. My presentation would cover how adjective endings in Pennsylvania Dutch have evolved from German, how they may have been influenced by English, and how they may be different between generations of speakers, showing the evolution of a single lifetime. The purpose is to evoke a deeper appreciation for the complexity of language and to better understand how languages evolve. I will also touch on the origins of Pennsylvania Dutch, exploring how it came to exist in the US today, if and how it is still thriving, and what it means to its native speakers. Rose Fisher Single Oral Presentation  I am a native speaker of Pennsylvania Dutch (also known as Pennsylvania German or the language of the Amish) which is a dialect of German that is not mutually intelligible with it. I am studying Standard German here at Millersville. This gives me the unique opportunity to compare the two. Adjective endings are a component of grammar in which an ending is added onto each adjective based on the number, gender, and case of the noun it describes. This component does not exist in English. My presentation would cover how adjective endings in Pennsylvania Dutch have evolved from German, how they may have been influenced by English, and how they may be different between generations of speakers, showing the evolution of a single lifetime. The purpose is to evoke a deeper appreciation for the complexity of language and to better understand how languages evolve. I will also touch on the origins of Pennsylvania Dutch, exploring how it came to exist in the US today, if and how it is still thriving, and what it means to its native speakers.
Madeline, Giardina, Multidisciplinary Studies (BA), English, Relationship Dynamics of Women in Treatment, , This article describes the complex relationships that develop during treatment for eating disorders. This article focuses on the unique dynamics that develop between women in treatment. However, the same main ideas can be used to evaluate relationship dynamics of men in treatment, as well as individuals going through treatment for other addictions. The main focuses of this article are to describe the positive and negative dynamics that develop from patient-to-loved one, patient-to-caregiver, and patient-to patient relationships. These complex, and often, contradicting feelings can have severe impacts on an individual's experience in treatment and can greatly influence their desire and motivation to recover. Madeline Giardina Relationship Dynamics of Women in Treatment  This article describes the complex relationships that develop during treatment for eating disorders. This article focuses on the unique dynamics that develop between women in treatment. However, the same main ideas can be used to evaluate relationship dynamics of men in treatment, as well as individuals going through treatment for other addictions. The main focuses of this article are to describe the positive and negative dynamics that develop from patient-to-loved one, patient-to-caregiver, and patient-to patient relationships. These complex, and often, contradicting feelings can have severe impacts on an individual's experience in treatment and can greatly influence their desire and motivation to recover.
Christine, Filippone, Faculty, Art & Design, Women in Art (Art 305), , Four students will present their research papers for the course Women in Art, which explores the role of the visual in constructing ideas of "woman" and how women artists have addressed these constructions in their works and in their lives. Christine Filippone Women in Art (Art 305)  Four students will present their research papers for the course Women in Art, which explores the role of the visual in constructing ideas of "woman" and how women artists have addressed these constructions in their works and in their lives.
Christine, Filippone, Faculty, Art & Design, Women in Art (Art 305), , Four students will present their research for this art history course, which explores the role of the visual in constructing ideas of 'woman' and how women artists have addressed these constructions in their works and in their lives. Christine Filippone Women in Art (Art 305)  Four students will present their research for this art history course, which explores the role of the visual in constructing ideas of "woman" and how women artists have addressed these constructions in their works and in their lives.
Joseph, Wright, Applied Engineering & Technology Management (BS), Applied Engineering, Safety and Technology, Scaled Production of Mechanically Alloyed Oxide-Dispersed Copper for Solid-State Metal Foaming, , Metal powders used in metallurgy must be produced in great masses to satisfy the needs of industry. Conventional ball milling utilizes a random movement procedure that yields such powders but in low quantities. Planetary ball milling is examined as an alternative to conventional ball milling, and milling times, mass yield, and motion of the system are examined. Joseph Wright Scaled Production of Mechanically Alloyed Oxide-Dispersed Copper for Solid-State Metal Foaming  Metal powders used in metallurgy must be produced in great masses to satisfy the needs of industry. Conventional ball milling utilizes a random movement procedure that yields such powders but in low quantities. Planetary ball milling is examined as an alternative to conventional ball milling, and milling times, mass yield, and motion of the system are examined.
Kyle, Morganti, Graduate Student, Earth Science, The Effect of the Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) on North Atlantic Tropical Development, , The Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) is a climatological pattern that impacts sea surface temperatures in the North Atlantic Ocean. Controversy exists regarding this mode's influence on tropical development in the North Atlantic basin. Since vertical wind shear and warm sea surface temperatures are key ingredients for tropical development, the hypothesis is that when the AMO index is positive, there is a significant increase in the frequency and intensity of tropical activity in the North Atlantic Ocean, and likewise, a significant decrease in the frequency and intensity of tropical activity when the AMO index is negative. Accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) is a measure of tropical cyclone activity where the kinetic energy is proportional to the square of the velocity. However, the Hurricane Activity Index (HAX) is a simplified version of ACE and is calculated using the quantity of six-hour periods of hurricane and tropical storm strength. Statistical methods will use HAX to determine if there is a significant relationship between the AMO and the frequency and intensity of tropical cyclones in the North Atlantic Ocean. Kyle Morganti The Effect of the Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) on North Atlantic Tropical Development  The Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) is a climatological pattern that impacts sea surface temperatures in the North Atlantic Ocean. Controversy exists regarding this mode's influence on tropical development in the North Atlantic basin. Since vertical wind shear and warm sea surface temperatures are key ingredients for tropical development, the hypothesis is that when the AMO index is positive, there is a significant increase in the frequency and intensity of tropical activity in the North Atlantic Ocean, and likewise, a significant decrease in the frequency and intensity of tropical activity when the AMO index is negative. Accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) is a measure of tropical cyclone activity where the kinetic energy is proportional to the square of the velocity. However, the Hurricane Activity Index (HAX) is a simplified version of ACE and is calculated using the quantity of six-hour periods of hurricane and tropical storm strength. Statistical methods will use HAX to determine if there is a significant relationship between the AMO and the frequency and intensity of tropical cyclones in the North Atlantic Ocean.
Anne, Mitzel, Early Childhood Education (BSE), Early, Middle and Exceptional Education, Student Perception of Technology in the Junior High Classroom, , The primary focus of this study will be to observe the correlation between technology use and gender on achievement in a science classroom. Although technology can be defined as applied science that is used to make a task easier in a certain way, for the purpose of this study we will focus on technology that involves computers and the internet. This project has two main goals. The first is to determine if the use of technology in the classroom helps students understand material and causes them to be be interested in the subject area. The second goal is determine if a certain gender benefits more from the use of technology than another gender. The results of this study could prove important to educators in the future to determine if the introduction of these forms of technology into the classroom is beneficial to students or not. This study will not only look at how various forms of technology enhances or diminishes a student's educational experience, but it will observe how technology affects each gender differently. This study should determine if a certain gender learns faster from the use of technology than the other gender. Anne Mitzel Student Perception of Technology in the Junior High Classroom  The primary focus of this study will be to observe the correlation between technology use and gender on achievement in a science classroom. Although technology can be defined as applied science that is used to make a task easier in a certain way, for the purpose of this study we will focus on technology that involves computers and the internet. This project has two main goals. The first is to determine if the use of technology in the classroom helps students understand material and causes them to be be interested in the subject area. The second goal is determine if a certain gender benefits more from the use of technology than another gender. The results of this study could prove important to educators in the future to determine if the introduction of these forms of technology into the classroom is beneficial to students or not. This study will not only look at how various forms of technology enhances or diminishes a student's educational experience, but it will observe how technology affects each gender differently. This study should determine if a certain gender learns faster from the use of technology than the other gender.
Alyssa, Oktela, Psychology (BA), Psychology, Perfectionism and Performance in School-Age Female Competitive Dancers in Relation to Parenting Characteristics, , Research suggests that parents are highly involved in their children's extracurricular activities. Because parents are so involved, their parenting style can have an effect on their child's development of many characteristics, such as perfectionism. Perfectionism then may ultimately determine how a child performs in their activity or sport. The research is designed to determine if there is a relationship between perfectionism and specific parenting characteristics as well as performance in child and adolescent female competitive dancers. Female competitive dancers aged 8-18 completed questionnaires on both perfectionism and their parents' interaction style. Additionally, dance teachers rated the dancers on skill level and effort (below average, average, above average). The data collected were analyzed to determine if there is a correlation between perfectionism and parenting characteristics. Additionally, data were analyzed to determine if there is a relationship between perfectionism and performance (skill and effort). If any correlations are found, the findings will contribute to the current research by adding dancers to the research on parenting, perfectionism and sports. Alyssa Oktela Perfectionism and Performance in School-Age Female Competitive Dancers in Relation to Parenting Characteristics  Research suggests that parents are highly involved in their children's extracurricular activities. Because parents are so involved, their parenting style can have an effect on their child's development of many characteristics, such as perfectionism. Perfectionism then may ultimately determine how a child performs in their activity or sport. The research is designed to determine if there is a relationship between perfectionism and specific parenting characteristics as well as performance in child and adolescent female competitive dancers. Female competitive dancers aged 8-18 completed questionnaires on both perfectionism and their parents' interaction style. Additionally, dance teachers rated the dancers on skill level and effort (below average, average, above average). The data collected were analyzed to determine if there is a correlation between perfectionism and parenting characteristics. Additionally, data were analyzed to determine if there is a relationship between perfectionism and performance (skill and effort). If any correlations are found, the findings will contribute to the current research by adding dancers to the research on parenting, perfectionism and sports.
Quyen, Do, Mathematics (BS), Mathematics, Applying Kelly Criterion to College Football Betting, , The Kelly criterion is a mechanism used for properly sizing a portion of one's capital for betting and investment purposes. In our research project, we explore a realistic application of the Kelly criterion. Our objective is to maximize a bettor's return while simultaneously minimizing the risk of ruin in the context of betting on FBS college football games. We build a selection of logistic regression models using scraped college football data of the 2008-2016 seasons, simultaneously comparing our models to the well-known PFR model designed by pro-football-reference.com. We then apply the predicted probabilities to our expansion of Kelly criterion to more than one betting event. Simulations are then run with varying approaches-differing number of bets, game filtering methods, and fractional Kelly sizes are all considered to come up with the most profitable betting strategy for an FBS season. Quyen Do Applying Kelly Criterion to College Football Betting  The Kelly criterion is a mechanism used for properly sizing a portion of one's capital for betting and investment purposes. In our research project, we explore a realistic application of the Kelly criterion. Our objective is to maximize a bettor's return while simultaneously minimizing the risk of ruin in the context of betting on FBS college football games. We build a selection of logistic regression models using scraped college football data of the 2008-2016 seasons, simultaneously comparing our models to the well-known PFR model designed by pro-football-reference.com. We then apply the predicted probabilities to our expansion of Kelly criterion to more than one betting event. Simulations are then run with varying approaches-differing number of bets, game filtering methods, and fractional Kelly sizes are all considered to come up with the most profitable betting strategy for an FBS season.
Michael, Duncan, Music (BA), Music, , ,  Michael Duncan
Felicia, Dominguez, Art (BFA), Art & Design, The Environmental Impact of Tampons, , Conceptually my work has revolved around the female experience, mostly my own experience as a woman in society. I am interested in how society views women, how men view women, and even how women view themselves. For my BFA show, a required capstone for all BFA majors, I would like to display new artwork demonstrating the research that I have collected over four months regarding the environmental impact of tampons. Recently I have been doing a lot of personal investigation of the tampon industry and I've become very curious about its products and female consumers. I am concerned about how much waste comes from disposable tampons and their plastic applicators and where they end up in the environment once they are used and tossed out. This cannot be good for our environment, so I want to display a numerical representation of just how many tampons one woman uses in a span of a single year. According to my research, the number is approximately 240. I think this information is beneficial to all, not just women but we as a society should be aware how we are impacting our environment. Felicia Dominguez The Environmental Impact of Tampons  Conceptually my work has revolved around the female experience, mostly my own experience as a woman in society. I am interested in how society views women, how men view women, and even how women view themselves. For my BFA show, a required capstone for all BFA majors, I would like to display new artwork demonstrating the research that I have collected over four months regarding the environmental impact of tampons. Recently I have been doing a lot of personal investigation of the tampon industry and I've become very curious about its products and female consumers. I am concerned about how much waste comes from disposable tampons and their plastic applicators and where they end up in the environment once they are used and tossed out. This cannot be good for our environment, so I want to display a numerical representation of just how many tampons one woman uses in a span of a single year. According to my research, the number is approximately 240. I think this information is beneficial to all, not just women but we as a society should be aware how we are impacting our environment.
Lauren, Stricker, Psychology (BA), Psychology, Factors influencing underrepresented vs. overrepresented student retention at Millersville University, , Student retention is an important indication of an institutions health. The alarm of declining retention and enrollment rates have prompted several school systems like PASSHE to abandon programs or merge campuses. While the voluminous literature on student retention may provide a solid foundation to explain this phenomenon, most of the popular articles date back 40 years. The current study sought to update the literature to the modern day college population as well as provide a specified retention model for Millersville University. Specifically, the purpose of the study was to determine whether a variety of factors relating to the institution and the student perceptions and attitudes, might predict an increased likelihood of attrition at Millersville University from the first to second semester. Moreover, there was a specific focus on the differences in retention between overrepresented and underrepresented populations. The study focused on five social-psychological factors; family intrusiveness, grit, utility of education beliefs, student-university fit, and university attachment. 400 freshman students attending Millersville University completed a survey containing each of the five scales. The poster session will highlight important literature relating to the study, the general methods of data collection and analysis and the findings of the study. Lauren Stricker Factors influencing underrepresented vs. overrepresented student retention at Millersville University  Student retention is an important indication of an institutions health. The alarm of declining retention and enrollment rates have prompted several school systems like PASSHE to abandon programs or merge campuses. While the voluminous literature on student retention may provide a solid foundation to explain this phenomenon, most of the popular articles date back 40 years. The current study sought to update the literature to the modern day college population as well as provide a specified retention model for Millersville University. Specifically, the purpose of the study was to determine whether a variety of factors relating to the institution and the student perceptions and attitudes, might predict an increased likelihood of attrition at Millersville University from the first to second semester. Moreover, there was a specific focus on the differences in retention between overrepresented and underrepresented populations. The study focused on five social-psychological factors; family intrusiveness, grit, utility of education beliefs, student-university fit, and university attachment. 400 freshman students attending Millersville University completed a survey containing each of the five scales. The poster session will highlight important literature relating to the study, the general methods of data collection and analysis and the findings of the study.
Tyler, Peak, Sociology (BA), Sociology/Anthropology, Postmodern Religion within the Contemporary United States, , While religion was once the heartbeat of American social life, religious beliefs and identities have become increasingly more private. It appears that religious identities have lost the cultural capital they may have had a few decades ago. Although religion has become more implicit, the institution of religion has experienced the same postmodern characteristics as the other social institutions. These characteristics are: fragmentation, total commodification, (in)security, (dis)connection, and nostalgia. While most other studies focus on westernized European countries, this project focuses on the contemporary United States due to the fact many scholars consider the United States as a deviant case. The United States is simultaneously post-industrialized and religious. Instead of asking why the United States is considered a deviant case, we examine how these postmodern traits have fostered a post-industrial and religious society. As for other scholars, their focus shifts to religiosity and secularization. Though not the focus of this study, I contend that spiritual movements should not be considered religious movements. In regards to secularization, I contend that the current methodology is unfit to determine secularization. One should not study the presence of an institution, rather the institutions pervasiveness. Meaning, one should not study how one behaves within or takes advantage of what the institution offers, rather study how much influence that institution has on an individual's decision making. Adopting this methodology will allow us to determine whether American society is secular or not. Tyler Peak Postmodern Religion within the Contemporary United States  While religion was once the heartbeat of American social life, religious beliefs and identities have become increasingly more private. It appears that religious identities have lost the cultural capital they may have had a few decades ago. Although religion has become more implicit, the institution of religion has experienced the same postmodern characteristics as the other social institutions. These characteristics are: fragmentation, total commodification, (in)security, (dis)connection, and nostalgia. While most other studies focus on westernized European countries, this project focuses on the contemporary United States due to the fact many scholars consider the United States as a deviant case. The United States is simultaneously post-industrialized and religious. Instead of asking why the United States is considered a deviant case, we examine how these postmodern traits have fostered a post-industrial and religious society. As for other scholars, their focus shifts to religiosity and secularization. Though not the focus of this study, I contend that spiritual movements should not be considered religious movements. In regards to secularization, I contend that the current methodology is unfit to determine secularization. One should not study the presence of an institution, rather the institutions pervasiveness. Meaning, one should not study how one behaves within or takes advantage of what the institution offers, rather study how much influence that institution has on an individual's decision making. Adopting this methodology will allow us to determine whether American society is secular or not.
Daniel, Zalewski III, Speech Communication (BS), Communication & Theatre, Scouting Locations for Narrative Preproduction, , In order to prepare for storytelling and preproduction on a historical fiction series, the locations that serve as real life markers within the narrative must be portrayed to the members of the preproduction process. The scouting process involves capturing the elements of environment, architecture, and historical importance of these locations. In preparation for the Providence Project, as it takes its first steps, locations around central Pennsylvania have been captured and edited into small vignettes. Such vignettes serve as an inspiration and reference for others, and are a often not considered when a general populous consumes narrative media. Daniel Zalewski III Scouting Locations for Narrative Preproduction  In order to prepare for storytelling and preproduction on a historical fiction series, the locations that serve as real life markers within the narrative must be portrayed to the members of the preproduction process. The scouting process involves capturing the elements of environment, architecture, and historical importance of these locations. In preparation for the Providence Project, as it takes its first steps, locations around central Pennsylvania have been captured and edited into small vignettes. Such vignettes serve as an inspiration and reference for others, and are a often not considered when a general populous consumes narrative media.